François Mitterrand

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Mitterrand, François


Born Oct. 26, 1916, in Jarnac, department of Charente. French politician. Lawyer by education.

Mitterrand served in World War II from September 1939. He was wounded and taken prisoner. After escaping in 1942, he worked in the Resistance and headed the National Movement of War Prisoners and Deportees. In 1944 he became secretary-general for War Prisoners and Deportees in the De Gaulle government. A deputy in parliament from 1946 to 1958 and again from 1962, Mitterrand was a leader of the party known as the Democratic and Socialist Resistance Union, of which he was chairman from 1953 to 1965. A member of the government from 1947 to 1948 and from 1950 to 1953, he resigned in 1953 in opposition to the government’s policy in North Africa. From 1954 to 1957 he was again member of the government.

Mitterrand was the candidate of the left in the presidential elections of 1965. From December 1965 to November 1968 he was president of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left. He headed the party known as the Convention of Republican Institutions from December 1970 to June 1971. After the socialist unity congress in June 1971, Mitterrand was chosen first secretary of the Socialist Party. In 1972 he signed the governmental program of the united left. A candidate of the left in the presidential election of 1974, Mitterrand won 49.2 percent of the vote. Since 1972 he has been vice-president of the Socialist International. [16–1001–4; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
This was also remarked by former President Mitterand.
Hollande becomes France's first left-wing president since Francois Mitterand, who beat incumbent Valery Giscard-d'Estaing in 1981 and France's second left-wing president since the establishment of the fifth republic in 1958.
Hollande gave a speech yesterday at a commemoration for the former Socialist prime minister, Pierre Beregovoy, who committed suicide during the Mitterand era.
Francois Hollande is on course to oust the colourful current President and become the first Socialist in the top job since Francois Mitterand in 1995.
Par : Ingi Amr Il fut inaugure en 1987 par l'ancien president francais Francois Mitterand pour devenir un miroir culturel des pays arabes.
Excited Frederic Mitterand pinned a medal on the singer's chest to honour her for her contribution to music.
Burcuoglu said the French government was split over the bill as French Culture Minister Frederic Mitterand had expressed opinion against the bill during Thursday's at the lower house of the parliament.
Certainly that was true for former French president Francois Mitterand who said that Thatcher had the "mouth of Marilyn Monroe of left and the eyes of Caligula".
The achievement was marked by a reception in their honour hosted by President Francois Mitterand.
The winner will in April 2012 take on embattled conservative Sarkozy, with the resurgent left intent on entering the Elysee palace for the first time since France's longest-serving president Francois Mitterand left in 1995 after 14 years.
We love you because you make our lives better," Mitterand told the visibly moved star, best known as an actress for her portrayal of Sally Bowles in Bob Fosse's film version of "Cabaret.