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Miyazaki(mēyä`zä'kē), city (1990 pop. 287,352), capital of Miyazaki prefecture, SE Kyushu, Japan, on the Hyuga Sea. It is a popular tourist and resort center and the seat of the great Shinto shrine, Miya-zaki-jingu (with an archaeological museum), dedicated to Jimmu, first emperor of Japan. The Oyodo River traverses the city. Miyazaki prefecture (1990 pop. 1,184,047), 2,998 sq mi (7,765 sq km), produces rice, fertilizers, medicines, lumber, and charcoal. It is a major honeymoon spot, and it and neighboring Kagoshima prefecture are the site of Kirishima-Kinkowan National Park National Park, noted for its volcanoes, crater lakes, and hot springs.
a Japanese prefecture, in the southeastern part of the island of Kyushu. Area, 7,700 sq km. Population, 1 million (1973, estimate), 62 percent of which is urban. Administrative center is the city of Miyazaki.
Agriculture provides the basis of the economy of Miyazaki Prefecture. More than 70 percent of peasant households cultivate less than 1 hectare of land each. Approximately 65 percent of the cropland is planted with rice, with a harvest of 156,000 tons in 1970; wheat, barley, and oats are also grown. Mandarin oranges and cucumbers are raised commercially.
Most of the territory of Miyazaki Prefecture is covered with subtropical evergreen forest; bamboo has economic importance. Copper pyrites are mined near the city of Miyazaki. Chemicals make up approximately 50 percent of the value of the prefecture’s industrial production); other industries include food and condiments, woodworking, and cellulose and paper. The textile industry operates in the cities of Miyazaki, Nobeoka, and Oyodo, and the aircraft industry in Miyakonojo. Nonferrous metallurgy is carried on in Nobeoka.
N. A. SMIRNOV
a city in Japan, in the southeastern part of the island of Kyushu, on the Oyodo River. Administrative center of Miyazaki Prefecture. Population, 203,000 (1973). A major transportation junction, Miyazaki is the trade and distribution center for the surrounding agricultural region. Its textile industry produces spun silk; other industries include woodworking, food and condiments, and chemicals. An archaeological museum is located in Miyazaki.