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The science of the cultivation of memory functions using systematic methods.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the various techniques of facilitating memorization and improving memory by forming artificial associations. For example, there is the well-known technique of memorizing the number 3.1415926536, expressing the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, by means of a couplet in which the number of letters in each successive word corresponds to the digit of the number being memorized.

Even in remote antiquity, people used first external aids (such as notches and knots), then internal aids (imagined concepts of objects and; actions) to facilitate memorization. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans sought to create a comprehensive system of mnemonic techniques. Mnemonics was little used during the Middle Ages. It was rediscovered in the 16th century, and in the 17th through 19th centuries mnemonic devices were quite popular. Interest in mnemonics has been lost in contemporary science and scholarship. Mnemonics is now only used by individuals to demonstrate the art of memorization attained through assiduous and prolonged training.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Though most studies on keyword mnemonics fail to specify the type of recall analysed, most refer to receptive or recall forwards, unless specified otherwise.
Students should not expect all mathematical mnemonics to be attached to a deeper mathematical meaning.
Visual mnemonics may also serve the oral tradition.
Four male 9th-grade students with mild to moderate disabilities participated in a single case design that compared choral responding (CR) and a choral responding plus mnemonic device (CR+) during geography lessons.
Mnemonic Strategies: Success for the Young-Adult Learner, The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 7(2), 79-85.
Mnemonic studies have historically been associated with oral poetry or Classical/Medieval literature and learning, rather than modern literary culture.
Protective factors for suicide can be summarized by the mnemonic SAFER:
Kimberly Rivers's stated aims are to demonstrate the integral role of memory and mnemonic technique in medieval preaching across Europe from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, and in so doing to provide a chronology for the development of mnemonic techniques in the Middle Ages.
Drawing-assisted strategies in keyword mnemonics. Studia Psychologica, 46, 211-218.
ALF and TINA THESE two mnemonics were coined by a national newspaper columnist following David Laws's impressive display of budgetary axe-wielding last Monday.