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(nĕs`ĭklēz), Greek architect, 5th cent. B.C. He designed the propylaeapropylaeum
, in Greek architecture, a monumental entrance to a sacred enclosure, group of buildings, or citadel. A roofed passage terminated by a row of columns at each end formed the usual type. Known examples include those at Athens, Olympia, Eleusis, and Priene.
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, and the ErechtheumErechtheum
[for Erechtheus], Gr. Erechtheion, temple in Pentelic marble, on the Acropolis at Athens. One of the masterpieces of Greek architecture, it was constructed between c.421 B.C. and 405 B.C. to replace an earlier temple to Athena destroyed by the Persians.
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 is also sometimes ascribed to him. Both are on the acropolisacropolis
[Gr.,=high point of the city], elevated, fortified section of various ancient Greek cities.

The Acropolis of Athens, a hill c.260 ft (80 m) high, with a flat oval top c.
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 at Athens.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Greek architect of the second half of the fifth century B.C., a representative of high classicism.

Mnesicles designed the Propylaea (437–432 B.C.)—the monumental entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The structure has two Doric porches (one facing the city, and the other the Acropolis) set on different levels and Ionic columns lining the corridor. The northern wing of the Propylaea housed a picture gallery.


Rogovin, N. E. Propilei Akropolia v Afinakh. Moscow, 1940.
Bundgaard, J. A. Mnesicles. Copenhagen, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.