Mochica


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Related to Mochica: Mochica Culture

Mochica:

see MocheMoche
or Mochica
, ancient Native American civilization on the coast of N Peru. Previously called Early Chimu (see Chimu), the Moche were warriors with a highly developed social and political organization.
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Mochica

 

an ancient civilization that existed on the northern coast of present-day Peru (valleys of the Chicama, Viru, Santa, and Nepeña rivers) from the beginning of the Common Era to the eighth century. Mochica was centered on the lower course of the Moche River (hence the name “Mochica”); two giant stepped structures, known as the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon, dominate the site. The Mochica civilization is known for its highly artistic sculptured and painted pottery. The sculptured pottery had modeled representations of animals, deities, and human faces. The painted pottery was executed in red, white, and black and was primarily devoted to mythological subjects and war scenes. Metalworking was known; gold, silver, and copper were used primarily for making ornaments. The economy of the Mochica Indians was based on irrigation farming. The civilization attained the level of a class society in its development.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Kinzhalov, R. V. “Den’ v stolitse drevnikh mochika.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1967, no. 6.
Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lo mismo puede decirse de las ciudades de la civilizaicones Chavin, que empezo hacia el 1200 a.C.; la Mochica, que se desarrollo del 400 al 1000 d.C.; la Titicaca del el 1000 al 1300 d.
En el segundo apartado, <<Nuevos estudios andinos>>, se encontrara un trabajo acerca de la obra linguistica de Alfredo Torero (GALVEZ ASTORAYME), una revision de los vocabularios del idioma mochica (SCHUMACHER), un estudio sobre religiosidad popular y curanderismo (MILLONES & LEON) y, finalmente, un articulo sobre el problema de la escritura en un texto publicado en 1904 por Adolfo Vienrich (ESPINO).
(16.) George Bankes, Moche Pottery from Peru (London, 1980), 48; Izumi Shimada, Pampa Grande and the Mochica Culture (Texas, 1994), 209; Christopher Donnan, Moche Art of Peru: Pre-Columbian Symbolic Communication (Los Angeles, 1978), 65; Elizabeth Benson, The Mochica (New York, 1972), 103.
La lengua de Naimlap (Reconstruccion y obsolescencia del mochica).
103 The extremely realistic pottery of the Mochica people, much of which still survives, has made it possible to reconstruct the lifestyle of this agricultural and warrior people who settled the deserts between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean.
grafica de las lenguas nativas (mochica, puquina, quechua, aimara, etc.)
Alma Latina, an acoustic quartet of violin, guitar, voice, and percussion, performed traditional Cuban and Latin-American dance music, while Mochica del Peru, another acoustic quartet of string, wind, and percussion instruments, delivered an array of Andean sounds.
ARSENAULT D., 1993, (r) El Personaje del pie amputado en la sociedad mochica del Peru: un ensayo sobre la arqueologia del poder >>, Latin American Antiquity, 4, 3: 225-245.
Their unusual quality or, perhaps, secret is in the artist's combination of authentic objects and fragments of centuries-old pre-Columbian cultures in silver: Chavin beads, bits of Paracas or Nasca textiles or Huari cloth, Mochica objects, elongated Chimu mullu shell beads, monkey bone carved by hand in the Peruvian Amazon, ceramic shards, mother-of-pearl, turquoise, and feathers.
Los cientificos peruanos usan Armado para restaurar pinturas narrativas fragmentadas en el techo de un templo ceremonial construido hace mas de 1.800 anos por la civilizacion mochica.
It was followed by the Mochica, Tiwanaku and Chiton cultures until around 1,200 A.D.
Excellent works in gold and silver were made by pre-Inca cultures such as the Chavin de Huantar, Vicus, Mochica, Chimu, Nazca and Tiahuanaco peoples, the last-named civilisation lasting a thousand years up to the 14th century.