Dutch language

(redirected from Modern Dutch)
Also found in: Acronyms.

Dutch language,

member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Also called Netherlandish, it is spoken by about 15 million inhabitants of the Netherlands, where it is the national language, and by about 300,000 people in the Western Hemisphere. The written and spoken forms of Dutch differ significantly. For example, written Dutch exhibits far greater formality than spoken Dutch in both grammar and vocabulary. One reason for this divergence is that written Dutch evolved from the Flemish dialect spoken in the culturally advanced Flanders and Brabant of the 15th cent., whereas modern spoken Dutch grew out of the vernacular of the province of Holland, which became dominant after the 16th cent. (see Flemish languageFlemish language,
member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Generally regarded as the Belgian variant of Dutch (see Dutch language) rather than as a separate tongue, Flemish is spoken by
..... Click the link for more information.
). Also, written Dutch is relatively uniform, while the spoken language has a number of dialects as well as an official standard form. The Roman alphabet is used for Dutch, and the earliest existing texts in the language go back to the late 12th cent. Among the words with which Dutch has enriched the English vocabulary are: brandy, cole slaw, cookie, cruiser, dock, easel, freight, landscape, spook, stoop, and yacht. Dutch is noteworthy as the language of an outstanding literature, but it also became important as the tongue of an enterprising people, who, though comparatively few in number, made their mark on the world community through trade and empire.


See C. B. van Haeringen, Netherlandic Language Research (2d ed. 1960); W. Z. Shetter, An Introduction to Dutch (3d ed. 1968); B. C. Donaldson, Dutch: A Linguistic History of Holland and Belgium (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
The lounge will be sub-divided into seven themed sections, each offering passengers a specific experience: luxury, family, travel and culture, modern Dutch, See Buy Fly, fashion and lifestyle, and care and wellness.
He compares early modern Dutch and modern German because of the similarity of their case systems.
Besides Latin, there are letters in early modern Dutch, French, Italian or--ILE IV has one of the very rare examples (91 04 13 T)--German to be dealt with.
Sutton's Early Modern Dutch Prints of Africa has much to recommend it to readers of the Journal of the Early Book Society.
Bel and Vaessens have assembled biographical portraits of and quoted excerpts from fifty women writers, with the goal of offering "an impression of the vitality of modern Dutch and Flemish literature as a whole" (p.
It is perhaps not an accident that the English word "monsoon" (habagat in Filipino) which was first used in British India to refer to the rainy phase of "a seasonal reversing wind," is taken from the vocabulary of the seafaring Portuguese (monao) and early modern Dutch (monsun).
It is as lecturer and researcher that Heilna made her biggest creative contribution to the study of literature, both theoretically and in the field of Afrikaans and modern Dutch literature.
At the same time a new modern form of cultural identity came into being, the product of the discipline of a modern Dutch language education.
And he admits the infrastructure provided for them was a huge part of the success of modern Dutch football.
Decorating designs included Louis Seize, Empire, Adams, Italian Renaissance, Louis Quinze, Louis Quatorze, Georgian, Regency, Queen Anne, Modern Dutch and Old Dutch.
DeMoor); the role of covenant theology amidst a secularizing society, particularly in modern Dutch society (John Halsey Wood Jr., drawing heavily on original sources); and how the welfare state rose to popularity in the Netherlands after World War II (George Harinck), which concludes by asking how long the modern welfare state can thrive without a well-functioning church.
The word "wafre" in Middle English was adopted from the word "wafel" appearing in Middle Low German, which then later changed to the Modern Dutch "wafel," French "gaufre" and the German "waffle." Eventually, the New World created the modern American English waffle by the 18th century.

Full browser ?