Irish language

(redirected from Modern Irish)
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Irish language,

also called Irish Gaelic and Erse, member of the Goidelic group of the Celtic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Celtic languagesCeltic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. At one time, during the Hellenistic period, Celtic speech extended all the way from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula in the west across Europe to Asia Minor in the east, where a district still known as
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). The history of Irish as a literary language falls into three periods: Old Irish (7th–9th cent. A.D.), Middle Irish (10th–16th cent.), and Modern Irish (since the 16th cent.). In the medieval period a great Irish literature flourished. Grammatically, there are still four cases for the noun (nominative, genitive, vocative, and, in some dialects, dative). In pronunciation the stress is on the first syllable. An acute accent is placed over a vowel to denote length, and a dot is placed over a consonant to indicate aspiration. The alphabet employed today for Irish can be called a variant or a derivative of the Roman alphabet that took shape about the 8th cent. A.D. It has 18 letters: 13 consonants and 5 vowels. The oldest extant Irish texts are inscriptions written in the ogham script (see oghamogham,
 ogam,
or ogum
, ancient Celtic alphabet of one of the Irish runic languages. It was used by the druids and abandoned after the first few centuries of the Christian era.
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). These texts date back to the 5th cent. A.D. or perhaps earlier and differ as much from the early literary Irish that follows them as Latin does from Old French. Native speakers of Irish are now concentrated in the western counties of Ireland. The government of Ireland is trying, thus far unsuccessfully, to revive Irish as the primary language of the country; it is an official language, and the study of Irish is required in preparatory schools. See also Gaelic literatureGaelic literature,
literature in the native tongue of Ireland and Scotland. Since Scots Gaelic became separate from Irish Gaelic only in the 17th cent., the literature is conventionally divided into Old Irish (before 900), Middle Irish (until 1350), Late Middle or Early Modern
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.

Bibliography

See H. Wagner, Linguistic Atlas and Survey of Irish Dialects (4 vol., 1958–69); R. P. M. and W. P. Lehman, An Introduction to Old Irish (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
Readers with an interest in the subject of this book may look forward to two similar forthcoming publications: Adolescence in Modern Irish History: Innocence and Experience, a collection of essays edited by Catherine Cox and Susannah Riordan, will be published by Palgrave/Macmillan in late 2015, and a special Irish edition of the Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth is scheduled for 2016.
It is thought parts of that ancient Russian language are still used in modern Irish.
In this paper the following, widely accepted periodization of the Irish language will be used: Old Irish (8th and 9th centuries with a more or less fixed literary language); Middle Irish (10th-12th centuries--with no fixed standard and the texts displaying great variation)--Old and Middle Irish are often referred to together as Early Irish (8th-12th centuries); Early Modern Irish (13th-mid-17th centuries)--the official literary language of this period is called Classical Modern Irish; Modern Irish (since the mid-17th century on).
A Chastened Communion: Modern Irish Poetry and Catholicism
On the night there will be entertainment from live band Party Celtica playing a mix of modern Irish party music.
Modern Irish Food offers some 100 recipes that focus on easy Irish comfort food, comes from Kevin Dundon's popular TV cooking show, and features traditional dishes with modern twists.
ANUNA cannot be beaten when it comes to modern Irish classical music.
Having said this, I nonetheless commend this book to anyone with an interest in modern Irish history.
Prodijig St David's Hall, Cardiff SEVEN of the world's best modern Irish dancers have combined forces to push the boundaries of Irish Dance.
Unionists had an amazing opportunity because for the first time in a century of modern Irish politics, Sinn Fein recognised the flag of the UK and its right to fly in Northern Ireland.
McGettigan's proudly wears the tagline 'The Modern Irish Experience', as it reflects modern Irish food, The brand is steeped in Irish family history and is using this history and experience to bring a real flavour of Ireland to a global market.
Garratt's Modern Irish Poetry: Tradition and Continuity from Yeats to Heaney provides] a reasonably faithful explanation of the issues that have preoccupied the poets since themselves: more familiar with the character of Gaelic culture past and present than a somewhat Olympian Yeats had been, and certainly more painfully aware of the broken traditions of that culture, they have tended to see in the catholic (small c) Joyce the genuine embodiment of the rags and bones of the Irish heart.