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(mō`dŏk), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They formerly lived in SW Oregon and N California, particularly around Modoc Lake (also known as Lower Klamath Lake) and Tule Lake. Modoc culture was similar to the culture of the KlamathKlamath
, Native North Americans who in the 19th cent. lived in SW Oregon. They speak a language of the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languages) and are related to the Modoc people.
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, but the Modoc did not rely as heavily on the wokas, or water-lily seeds, for food. There was considerable trouble between the Modoc and the early white settlers, with atrocities being committed on both sides. The Modoc were finally constrained to live (1864) on the Klamath Reservation in Oregon, but most of the tribe was dissatisfied. In 1870, Chief Kintpuash, or Captain JackCaptain Jack
(d. 1873), subchief of the Modoc and leader of the hostile group in the Modoc War (1872–73). Jack, whose Modoc name was Kintpuash , had agreed (1864) to leave his ancestral home and live on a reservation with the Klamath.
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, led a group back to California and refused to return to the reservation. The attempt to bring them back brought on the Modoc WarModoc War,
1872–73, series of battles between the Modoc and the U.S. army fought as a result of the attempt to force a group of the Modoc to return to the Klamath Reservation in S Oregon. Beginning in Nov., 1872, U.S.
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 (1872–73). After the Modoc War, the Modoc people were divided; some were sent to Oklahoma (where a few remain) and some to the Klamath Reservation in Oregon. The Modoc in Oregon share lands with the Klamath and Snake. In 1990 there were some 500 Modoc in the United States.


See V. F. Ray, Primitive Pragmatists: The Modoc Indians of Northern California (1963), R. H. Dillea, Burnt-Out-Fires (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
2017) 81 July 2017 Modoc County Modoc fires 80 July 2017 Detwiler fire Mariposa 79 July 2017 Alamo and Santa Barbara Whittier fires 78 July 2017 Wall fire Butte 77 Jan.
Robert Aquinas McNally; THE MODOC WAR; Bison Books (Nonfiction: History) 34.95 ISBN: 9781496201799
A hatch-year Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni) recovered from Modoc County, California, USA, on August 12, 2012, had malformations of the rear limbs consisting of bilateral polymelia and syndactyly.
Remembering the Modoc War: Redemptive Violence and the Making of American Innocence, by Boyd Cothran.
Fish and Wildlife Service said on Monday the Modoc sucker no longer is in danger of extinction after 30 years of recovery efforts.
All loci for each population were in linkage equilibrium and in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium except for locus Escu1 at Salton Sea and Mme7 at Modoc that both showed an excess of homozygotes; however, there was no evidence of stuttering, large allele dropout, or null alleles.
A Forest Service firefighter from South Dakota, David Ruhl, 38, died on Thursday in the Frog Fire raging through Modoc National Forest near California's border with Oregon.
The US Forest Service said a blaze in Modoc County in the north-eastern corner of the state claimed the life of one firefighter.
The bank currently operates eleven full-service offices in the counties of Shasta, Lassen, Modoc, Nevada, Placer, and Plumas, and also has loan production offices in Auburn, California; Chico, California; Portland, Oregon and Reno, Nevada.
Parks is president of the Pit River Rod and Gun Club, which has drawn protests for its coyote hunts based in the Modoc County town of Adin.
(Yamashita 2010, 414) Within the intimacies of incarceration and war, Yamashita imagines that Japanese Americans are made native to the land through their exile because it can be made to parallel the dispossession of American Indians; within the course of the novel, Japanese Americans become the spiritual heirs of the Modoc Indians to whom Tule Lake belongs.
Donald McKay worked for both the US Army and the Bureau of Indian Affairs as the captain of the Warm Spring scouts during the Modoc War (1872-73).