Modoc War

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Modoc War,

1872–73, series of battles between the Modoc and the U.S. army fought as a result of the attempt to force a group of the Modoc to return to the Klamath Reservation in S Oregon. Beginning in Nov., 1872, U.S. soldiers were engaged in sieges against the Modoc who were encamped in the lava beds near Tule Lake, Calif. The soldiers, after losing battle after battle, increased their forces to 1,000 by Mar., 1873. During peace negotiations Gen E. R. S. Canby and Eleazer Thomas were killed; the soldiers intensified their efforts to subdue the Modoc and finally in late May, 1873, Captain JackCaptain Jack
(d. 1873), subchief of the Modoc and leader of the hostile group in the Modoc War (1872–73). Jack, whose Modoc name was Kintpuash , had agreed (1864) to leave his ancestral home and live on a reservation with the Klamath.
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 and his much reduced force of 30 warriors were captured. Captain Jack and three other leaders were hanged in October. The Modoc War proved costly to both sides: 87 soldiers were killed and 83 were wounded. Although the Modoc lost only 8 warriors and an unlisted number of women and children in the fighting, they were thereafter divided as a people.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Robert Aquinas McNally; THE MODOC WAR; Bison Books (Nonfiction: History) 34.95 ISBN: 9781496201799
This history explores the causes, factors, and outcomes of Modoc War, which began in November 1872 when the US Cavalry ambushed the Modoc tribe at their home village on the Lost River.
Remembering the Modoc War: Redemptive Violence and the Making of American Innocence, by Boyd Cothran.
(1.) For more on the Modoc War, see Patricia Nelson Limerick's Something in the Soil (2000), along with Keith A.
Donald McKay worked for both the US Army and the Bureau of Indian Affairs as the captain of the Warm Spring scouts during the Modoc War (1872-73).
The Modoc War on the California-Oregon border resulted in the killing (during peace negotiations, no less) of the only general officer during a hundred years of Indian warring.
(3) For more on the decision to try the Modocs by military commission, see Doug Foster, "Imperfect Justice: The Modoc War Crimes Trial of 1873," 100 Oregon Historical Q., Fall 1999, at 246-87.
Includes Captain Jack's Stronghold (a natural fortress) from the 1872-73 Modoc War. The Historic Trail consists of 23 points of interest.
A decade later, the Modoc War erupted and the lynching of Captain Jack sealed the fate of the region.
We bought some hard hats for the boys, looked at the history exhibits about the Modoc War of the early 1870s, and then explored the Mushpot Cave, which is the only lighted tunnel at the monument.
As an experienced journalist, Knight recognizes the unfortunate lack of balance but lamely excuses the absence of the Indian perspective on the grounds that the reporters had no way to get information from the "other side." Edward Fox of the New York Herald managed to interview Captain Jack during the Modoc War, proving that with a little initiative and daring it could be done.