Muhammad Abduh

(redirected from Mohammad 'Abduh)
Muhammad Abduh
BirthplaceNile Delta, Egypt
Died

Muhammad Abduh

1849–1905, Egyptian Muslim religious reformer. His encounter in 1872 with Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, in the Cairo mosque-university of al-Azhar, led to his transition from asceticism to an activism seeking the renaissance of Islam and the liberation of the Muslims from colonialism. Abduh advocated the reform of Islam by bringing it back to its pristine state, and casting off what he viewed as its contemporary decadence and division. His views were faced by opposition from the established political and religious order, but were later embraced by Arab nationalism after World War I.
References in periodicals archive ?
He was a student of both Mohammad 'Abduh and Jamal Al Deen Al Afghani, two men who defined reforms in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
It was upon Al Afghani's death that Reda decided to go to Cairo, in 1897, to study under the master's most eminent student, Mohammad 'Abduh. In Cairo, Reda published his own magazine, Al Manar (The Lighthouse), which first appeared in 1898 as a weekly and, subsequently, as a monthly until his death in 1935.