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(mōhē`gən), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Also called the Mohican, they were the eastern branch of the MahicanMahican
, confederacy of Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Mahican were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area. In the early 17th cent.
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. In the early 17th cent. the Mohegan occupied most of SE Connecticut, their chief village being on the site of the present village of Mohegan on the Thames River. When European settlers arrived in this region, the Mohegan and the Pequot were one tribe, living under the rule of Sassacus. Later UncasUncas
, c.1588–c.1683, chief of the Mohegan. Uncas was a subchief of the Pequot, but because of trouble with the chief, Sassacus, he withdrew with his followers and formed a separate tribe, the Mohegan. These people flourished under Uncas's leadership.
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, a subordinate chief, rebelled against Sassacus and assumed the leadership of a small group on the Thames River near Norwich. This group was known as the Mohegan. After the fall of Sassacus the greater part of the Pequot joined the Mohegan, who in 1643 numbered some 2,300. The Mohegan, supported by the British, became one of the most powerful tribes in S New England. As white settlements were extended, the Mohegan sold most of their land and accepted a reservation on the Thames; others joined with neighboring tribes. By the early 19th cent. the Mohegans were practically extinct, although they became known to the world with the publication in 1826 of James Fenimore Cooper's novel The Last of the Mohicans. In 1990 there were about 1,000 Mohegan in the United States; they gained federal recognition as a tribe in 1994. In 1996 the tribe opened a casino and resort on its reservation in Montville, Ct.


See A. L. Peale, Uncas and the Mohegan-Pequot (1939).

References in classic literature ?
When Mohegan had applied the bark, he freely relinquished to Richard the needle and thread that were used in sewing the bandages, for these were implements of which the native but little understood the use: and, step ping back with decent gravity, awaited the completion of the business by the other.
There is Mohegan, to be sure, he may have some right, being a native; but it’s little the poor fellow can do now with his rifle.
Grant and Mohegan continued in the hall, while the remainder of the party withdrew to an eating parlor, if we except Benjamin, who civilly remained to close the rear after the clergyman and to open the front door for the exit of the Indian.
“The eye of the Great Spirit can see from the clouds— the bosom of Mohegan is bare!”
The bill up for a public hearing on April 15 in the General Assembly's Finance Revenue and Bonding Committee would set aside up to 12.5 percent of the keno revenue for each of the two federally recognized tribes, the Mohegans and Mashantucket Pequots.
Uncas: First of the Mohegans, by Michael Leroy Oberg.
Uncas: First of the Mohegans. By Michael Leroy Oberg.
In 1996, the Mohegans, relatives of the Mashantucket, opened Mohegan Sun, a colossal concrete complex, only eleven miles away from Foxwoods.
Chuck Bunnell, public relations department chief of staff for the Mohegans, said the "overall relationship generally has been very good" between the media and the two tribes.
Both provide jobs in the casino to any tribal member who wants one -- although the Mohegans have 1,200 members and the Pequots 400.
The <IR> MOHEGANS </IR> constituted one tribe of the confederacy, distinct from the Mahicans.
The discussions involving representatives from both the Mohegans and the Mashantucket Pequots have focused on crafting legislation that could authorize new gambling halls.