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Mohenjo-Daro:see Indus valley civilizationIndus valley civilization,
ancient civilization that arose about 3300 B.C. in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent, i.e., present-day Pakistan, and was at its height from about 2600 B.C. to about 1900 B.C.
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(translated from Sindhi as “the mound of the dead”), the ruins of one of the principal centers of the Harappa civilization. Discovered in 1922 by the Indian archaeologist R. Banerji, Mohenjo-Daro was subsequently excavated by J. Marshall, E. Mackay, and R. Wheeler. Its study has made it possible to identify the principal stages and characteristic features of the Harappa civilization.
REFERENCESMackay, E. Drevneishaia kul’tura doliny Inda. Moscow, 1951.
Mohenjo-Daro and the Indus Civilization, vols. 1–3. London, 1931.
Mode, H. Das Frühe Indien. Weimar, 1960.