The park of the administrative district of Arabkir also known as Molokans
park with a total area of 3 hectares has been returned to the community.
Due to a policy of methodical ethnic cleansing against Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Assyrians, Yezidis, Molokans
, Greeks and Jews, Armenia has turned into a monoethnic state, where more than 99 percent of the population is made up of Armenians from various parts of the Middle East.
Instead, Geraldine Fagan introduces us to Russian Molokans
, a homegrown form of Christianity.
Recall that Justice Iacobucci first asserted that subsection 2(a) protects those whose practices or beliefs were "objectively required by the religion." (80) This category protects members of an organized religion with a recognized record of objecting to the photograph requirement, such as the Amish, Molokans
, and Hutterites.
By the end of the eighteenth century, Spiritual Christianity had split into two major branches, the Dukhobors and the Molokans
, who were divided over the authority of the canonical scriptures.
Although the Reformation, which transformed the religious landscape through much of early modern Europe, did not come to Russia directly, the 18th century did see the emergence of various small groups (including the Khlysty, Skoptsy, Dukhobors, and Molokans
) who questioned whether religious rites were necessary for spiritual fulfillment and, in the case of the Molokans
, encouraged individual reading of the Bible (Russkii protestantizm, 21-22).
Although the faith was the same, he explained, "the nation and habits were different." "The Russian Baptists," he elaborated, "wanted to hold to many Molokan
practices...." The Germans, by contrast, "wanted to toss out everything Russian and Molokan
from the service and set up everything in the German manner...." (25) The former Molokans
were not the only new Baptists who initially included aspects of their previous traditions in their services: the first converts in the Odessa area started out by singing Orthodox prayers and songs and retained many Orthodox tunes even after they had begun either to compose their own hymns or to borrow words and melodies from German ones.
Groups that constitute less than 5 percent of the population include Yezidis, an ethnic Kurd cultural group whose religion includes elements derived from Zoroastrianism, Islam, and animism; unspecified "charismatic" Christians; the Armenian Evangelical Church; Molokans
, an ethnic Russian pacifist Christian group that split from the Russian Orthodox Church in the 17th-century; Baptists; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons); Orthodox Christians; Seventh-day Adventists; Pentecostals; Jews; and Baha'is.
The Skoptsy, Khlysts, and Molokans
, it is shown, enriched the development of the Shalaputs.
These were not only Orthodox Russians, but also Armenians fleeing the Ottoman empire, and even Protestants like the Molokans
. By contrast, many Sunni Muslims emigrated from Russian-controlled Azerbaijan because of Russia's wars with the in the Ottoman Empire.
The third contribution on a Russian theme comes from Margarita Mazo, whose tracing of developments in the liturgical music of the Molokan
Christian sect both in Russia and among the expatriate Molokans
in the USA is only very loosely connected with the themes of this volume.
These include the Jehovah's Witnesses,(2) some Mennonite groups,(3) the Jehovites, the Elijah Voice Society, the Church of God, the Amish, the Christadelphians, and the Molokans
.(4) The Jehovah's Witnesses (often called Witnesses) claim American adherents of almost 2 million,(5) the Christadelphians around 5,000,(6) Mennonites about 240,000,(7) the Amish close to 79,000, and the Jehovites over 600.(8)