Moluccas

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Moluccas

(məlŭk`əz, mō–) or

Spice Islands,

Bahasa Indonesia Maluku, Du. Molukken, island group and prov. (1990 pop. 1,856,075), c.32,300 sq mi (83,660 sq km), E Indonesia, between Sulawesi and New Guinea. The capital of the province is Ambon, on Ambon island. The group's many islands include HalmaheraHalmahera
or Jailolo
, island (1990 pop. 138,000), c.7,000 sq mi (18,100 sq km), E Indonesia, between New Guinea and Sulawesi, on the equator. The largest of the Moluccas and irregular in shape, it consists of two intersecting mountain ranges (rising to c.
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 (the largest), SeramSeram,
formerly Ceram
, island, c.6,600 sq mi (17,100 sq km), E Indonesia, W of New Guinea, second largest of the Moluccas; also called Seran or Serang. Its chief port and town is Masohi. Traversed by a central mountain range rising to 9,905 ft (3,019 m) at Mt.
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, Buru, AmbonAmbon
, island, c.300 sq mi (775 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the Moluccas, in the Banda Sea. It is mountainous, well watered, and fertile. Corn and sago are produced, and hunting and fishing supplement the diet.
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, TernateTernate
, volcanic island (c.40 sq mi/100 sq km), E Indonesia, in the Molucca Sea, one of the Moluccas. Forested and mountainous, the nearly conical Ternate rises to the summit of Gamalama, or the Peak of Ternate (5,627 ft/1,715 m), the volcano whose flanks form the entire
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, and Tidore and the AruAru Islands
or Aroe Islands
, group of about 95 low-lying islands, 3,306 sq mi (8,563 sq km), E Indonesia, in the Moluccas, in the Arafura Sea, SW of New Guinea. The largest island is Tanahbesar; Dobo, the chief port of the group, is on Wamar, just off Tanahbesar.
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 and KaiKai Islands
or Kei Islands
, island group (c.550 sq mi/ 1,420 sq km), E Indonesia, SE of Seram, in the Banda Sea, in the Moluccas. It is densely forested with valuable timber; the people are skilled boat builders. The chief island is Great Kai.
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 island groups. Of volcanic origin, the Moluccas are mountainous, fertile, and humid. They are the original home of nutmeg, mace, and cloves. Other spices, copra, and forest products are also produced. Sago is the staple food.

The islands were visited by the Portuguese in c.1512 and thereafter colonized by them; they established a trading center at Ternate. In the 17th cent. they were taken by the Dutch, who secured a monopoly in the clove trade. Twice the British gained a foothold in the islands, which passed definitively to the Dutch in the first quarter of the 19th cent. Local separatists declared a Southern Moluccas republic following Indonesia's independence, but they were crushed. The separatist movement experienced a resurgence following President Suharto's fall from power (1998). The islands have been the scene of Muslim-Christian violence in recent years.

Bibliography

See I. Burnet, Spice Islands (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
A range of theories variously place emphasis on rivalries between Moluccan Christian and Muslim communities dating from the colonial era, and recent shifts in the balance of power between them; the destabilizing impact of the reintroduction of electoral politics as the means of contest between local elites; and outside interference by political elites in Jakarta and factions of the TNI.
In the North Moluccan Malay texts collected by Taylor (1983) we find several instances of pa marking both human DOs and recipient IOs, although his paper does not mention the phenomenon as such.
They are the very core of his life and that is why he wanted a traditional Moluccan ceremony."
So the question that arises is: how does the Moluccan (in this case) handle this period and the period that follows in order to meet the Dutchman as an ecumenical equal, and vice versa?
Some scholars have assembled data suggesting that Europe's imports of Moluccan spices rose at the end of the fourteenth century and continued to grow thereafter.(2) Anthony Reid thought that increased demand in Europe mirrored economic growth in late medieval southeast Asia.
London, March 14 (ANI): Sixty-three years have passed since a Moluccan Cockatoo amused Britain's wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill by riding a high-wire bicycle, but the parrot's old age has not stopped her from drawing crowds as yet.
An Indonesian court on Tuesday sentenced two Christian militant leaders to three years in jail each for being engaged in separatist activities in the easternmost Moluccan Islands.
1994c Tracking Sasi: The Transformation of a Central Moluccan Reef Management Institution in Indonesia.
The Moluccan cockatoos were part of the Endangered Species Breeding Programme set up to save the birds from extinction.
Stifle luxation repair in a Moluccan cockatoo and a barn owl.