Monastic Orders


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Orders, Monastic

 

in Catholicism, centralized monastic associations regulated by special charters, which, as a rule, are confirmed by the papacy.

The first Catholic monastic order was the Benedictines, founded in the sixth century. During the 11th and 12th centuries, at the time of the Crusades, a number of knightly religious orders came into being, as well as the order of the Cistercians. The rise of the mendicant orders dates to the 12th and 13th centuries; they were called upon to combat the influence on the masses of popular heretical doctrines and to strengthen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Jesuit order was established in the 16th century to combat the ideas of the Reformation.

The members of most Catholic monastic orders live in monasteries.

References in periodicals archive ?
In response to his plight, Norodom invited the Bangkok-educated monk Sungandhadhipati Pan to Cambodia to create a seat of the Siamese Dhammayut Nikaya monastic order in an ancient monastery in Phnom Penh.
Malachy, his career and his Life by Bernard of Clairvaux in order to examine, in the wider sphere, the changes to monastic culture with the introduction of continental monastic orders, and particularly the impact of Augustinian and Cistercian usage.
In the early seventh century, Pope Gregory the Great instructed the monastic orders to expand wine production, and the planting of wine grapes again began to spread.
Likewise the numbers of individuals in monastic orders was quite large, both in terms of absolute numbers and as a percentage of the total population of Catholic states.
If there is a Coventry antiquarian in your life, or an archaeologist, or a historian of the monastic orders, look no further for this year's Christmas present.
The story begins with the Cistercians, a reformist-minded order of Catholic monks founded in France in 1098 in reaction to the laxity of other monastic orders of the day.
However, the accords uphold "group rights," or "community rights," which affect the status of many Catholic monastic orders and churches that maintain self-governing bodies.
In most monastic orders in Korea at present, there are more bhikkhunis than bhikkhus.
Before he died, around 547, St Benedict had written the Rule for Monks, a document which organized the life of a monastic community and has been followed for centuries by different monastic orders. One of these orders of monks is the Cistercians, named after the monastery of Citeaux, founded in Burgundy in the 12th century.
Historically, Psalms have always been sung by believers, beginning in Jewish worship and continuing through that of monastic orders. Mostly they were sung by choirs of trained singers who chanted the texts to flexible formulas that were repeated for each verse.
At the same time the author shares the concerns of many educated Thais in suggesting that Thai Buddhism needs to be linked to the wider processes of democratic reform so that internal change can likewise occur in the Sangha (male and female monastic orders).
The first production was by French monastic orders and cellarmasters Dom Pierre Perignon and Frere Jean Oudart.