Monastic Schools

Monastic Schools


schools organized in Buddhist monasteries in India around the middle of the first millennium B.C.; schools associated with Christian monasteries. First founded in the sixth through eighth centuries, the Christian monastic schools spread throughout Byzantium and Western Europe. There were three basic types of monastic schools: the monastic seminary, which trained clergymen for pastoral service; the monastic dormitory school, which trained monks; and schools that taught reading and writing and church literature to boys not destined for service in the church and monasteries.

The education offered by the monastic schools was basically theological, but some elements of secular learning were included. During the domination of the Balkans by the Ottoman Empire (15th to 16th centuries), the monastic schools played an important role in preserving the culture of the South Slavs and the Greeks.

In ancient Rus’ most of the monastic schools prepared clergymen for service in the churches and monasteries. Schools for girls were founded at convents in the 12th century, but the convent schools never became widespread.

In the 17th century the Russian monastic schools began to teach Slavonic grammar, Greek and Latin, rhetoric, and versification, as well as theology. In the 18th century theological seminaries, religious schools for male and female students, and parish schools developed out of the monastic schools.

Monastic schools are still run by some contemporary Buddhist and Catholic monasteries.


References in periodicals archive ?
One of the tourist spots in Mandalay, Mahagandhayon Monastery, is arguably one of the most renowned monastic schools in Myanmar.
(11) As well as preparing monks for assignments to the East, these monastic schools provided an intellectual backdrop for the training of those involved in the translation movement.
Our notion of the role of schooling, says Whitby has a long history: From the exclusive Socratic schools of ancient Greece and the monastic schools of the Middle Ages, to the advent of learning being accessible to many through the revolution of the printing press in the Renaissance.
In addition, Thura Shwe Mann push for research about teachers working at affiliated schools, post-primary schools, self-reliant schools, monastic schools whose salaries are paid by the local public.
On the one hand, since monastic schools were not "conduits of colonial knowledge" the sangha became less culturally and politically relevant; on the other, the sangha was now positioned against the colonial powers, and thus became the venue for resistance against the political power and "modern knowledge" brought by colonialism (55).
In the second millennium, monastic schools began and then universities came into existence.
At first glance this might seem something of an exaggeration given the intellectual accomplishments of the early medieval monastic schools, not only in the Latin West, but in the Greek and Semitic East as well.
The name of the programme originates from Desiderius Erasmus Rotterdamus, a 15th century Dutch humanist and theologian who studied in the best monastic schools throughout Europe.
of California-Riverside) shows how local teachers gathered palm-leaf manuscripts to create their own curricula in monastic schools of southeast Asia, and how that practice has, over the centuries created contours of local meaning-making and religious memory.
Part 2 analyzes German theology departments; part 3 investigates the philosophical-theological colleges in Bavaria; part 4 the theological colleges in Austria; and part 5 deals with a number of ecclesiastical and monastic schools that educated future priests (e.g., Eichstatt, Trier, and Limburg).
We visited several Buddhist monastic schools and orphanages.
Buddhist teaching was permitted only in monastic schools; religious teaching was forbidden in other schools.