Monastic Orders

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Orders, Monastic


in Catholicism, centralized monastic associations regulated by special charters, which, as a rule, are confirmed by the papacy.

The first Catholic monastic order was the Benedictines, founded in the sixth century. During the 11th and 12th centuries, at the time of the Crusades, a number of knightly religious orders came into being, as well as the order of the Cistercians. The rise of the mendicant orders dates to the 12th and 13th centuries; they were called upon to combat the influence on the masses of popular heretical doctrines and to strengthen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Jesuit order was established in the 16th century to combat the ideas of the Reformation.

The members of most Catholic monastic orders live in monasteries.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the early seventh century, Pope Gregory the Great instructed the monastic orders to expand wine production, and the planting of wine grapes again began to spread.
Before he died, around 547, St Benedict had written the Rule for Monks, a document which organized the life of a monastic community and has been followed for centuries by different monastic orders.
Historically, Psalms have always been sung by believers, beginning in Jewish worship and continuing through that of monastic orders.
The first production was by French monastic orders and cellarmasters Dom Pierre Perignon and Frere Jean Oudart.
The church and monastic orders are given prominence, also rural society, settlement and landscape, urban society and trade, the literary tradition of the county and its heraldry and the political and cultural history in the period following the union.
Those virtues, somewhat the worse for wear to be sure, were handed down to the friars by the older monastic orders, while St.
We've come a long way from the old homes for the aged and those residential "cells" inspired by the monastic orders sponsoring them.
What the author finds is that there certainly has been a strong connection between the concerns of the peasantry and monastic orders, especially in the arena of social reform.
It is fitting that as some monastic orders take to the Internet, their early medieval predecessors emerge as pioneers of a first information age.
This may be so for the history of institutions and less formal groupings, such as monastic orders or heretical sects, but one might object that individuals, at any one time, even in medieval society, are subject to more than one 'text' simultaneously.
Carmelite nuns belong to one of the most introverted and reclusive monastic orders within the Catholic Church.