Mongkut


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Mongkut

(mông`ko͞ot) or

Rama IV

(räm`ə), 1804–68, king of Siam, now Thailand (1851–68). A devout Buddhist monk, he was displaced in succession to the throne by his brother, who ascended as Rama III. Mongkut became king as Rama IV in 1851, and then used his knowledge, especially of the West, accumulated during his long years of study, to further his country's interests. He established diplomatic relations with several European countries and the United States, opened Siam to Western trade, and undertook extensive internal reform in all fields. Because of these measures, Siam was the only country in Southeast Asia not to fall under Western control in the 19th cent. He was succeeded by his son ChulalongkornChulalongkorn
or Rama V
, 1853–1910, king of Siam (1868–1910). Educated in part by a British governess, Anna Leonowens, and an English tutor, he greatly advanced the Westernization of Siam (present-day Thailand) begun by his father, King Mongkut.
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. Mongkut was made famous in the West by Margaret Landon's book Anna and the King of Siam (1944), which was based on the reminiscences of Anna Leonowens, a British governess at the court of Siam.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other schools that joined the program in Asean are Singapore's Nanyang Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Republic Polytechnic, Institute of Technical Education, ITE College West, and King Mongkut's University of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL) in Thailand.
For the entirety of the 19th century, more monarchs, including King Mongkut and King Chulalangkorn, began modernizing the country's trade and administration systems.
Although most coronation ceremonies for Thai kings follow Hindu Brahmin traditions, some Buddhist elements were added by the monarch's great-great grandfather King Mongkut, or Rama IV, because he spent 27 years in monkhood before inheriting the throne, scholars said.
It was also during King Mongkut's coronation that foreigners were invited to witness coronation ceremonies for the first time, scholars said.
It gained momentum with the mid-nineteenth-century founding of the austere and scripturally faithful Thammayut ('yoked to the Dhamma') order by Prince Mongkut, who later became king (r.
Prince Abhakara's earliest schooling within the Grand Palace reflected the evolution in Siamese royal education that had begun two generations earlier under his grandfather King Mongkut (r.
For example, Schneider Electric and BMW are part of a consortium of companies in Bangkok that is partnering with King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi to spur the use of electric vehicles across Thailand, initially through car sharing and a campus-based electric bus.
The government has also set up several CMOs to service the industry including TCELS Cell and Gene Production Unit and the National Biopharmaceutical Facility in association with King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, which operates a biologic pilot plant facility.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand through Thai - Lao Association for Friendship, and King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, organised a charity concert which raised 5,053,888 baht (as of 1 August 2018).
Like him, Siam's King Mongkut worried about the usefulness of allies perceived as weak in military capacity or political resolve.
At the time the technology was invented, Hsu was a professor of decision sciences and engineering systems at RPI and Boonjing was a doctoral candidate.<br />Hsu is now a professor of industrial and systems engineering at RPI and Boonjing is a professor of mathematics and computer science at King Mongkut's Institute of Technology in Thailand.<br />In June 2013, RPI also sued Apple Inc.
(1) Due to anti-miscegenation laws, Asian-American actors were refused roles as romantic counterparts to white characters; as a result, we saw Russian-born Yul Brynner play King Mongkut of Siam in The King and I (Walter Lang, 1956), and Romanian-Russian-American Sylvia Sidney as Cho-Cho San in Madame Butterfly (Marion Gering, 1932).