Mongolian Altai


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Mongolian Altai

 

a mountain system in Mongolia and China, extending from northwest to southeast for approximately 1,000 km. It is from 300 km (in the northwest) to 150 km (in the southeast) wide and has elevations to 4,362 m (Munkh- Khairkhan-Ula). The Mongolian Altai consists of several parallel ranges separated by longitudinal tectonic valleys. The peaks are primarily in the form of plateaus; near the crest are mostly corrie and hanging glaciers (the largest is Potanina Glacier). The mountains are composed primarily of Paleozoic schists, porphyries, porphyrites, and granites. The southwestern slopes are more humid than the northeastern slopes; as a result forests and meadows grow on the former (predominantly fir and larch), with steppes at lower elevations and alpine meadows at higher ones. Steppes and semideserts predominate on the northeastern slopes, with semideserts in the intermontane depressions.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the challenges, the Mongolian Altai Inventory Project was a tremendous success, and one that has inspired a subsequent collaborative project, now in development, focusing specifically on rock art (5) of the region.
The initial meeting for the Mongolian Altai Inventory Project took place in spring 2007.
The Mongolian Altai Inventory Project used a professional photographer to photograph the images.
to 2 p.m.) - "Atlas of Oregon" and "Archaeology and Landscape in the Mongolian Altai: An Atlas" (2010).
Esther Jacobson-Tepfer, professor of Oriental art, discusses "The Discovery of Tsagaan Gol - A Petroglyphic Complex in the Mongolian Altai Mountains.