monkeypox

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Related to Monkey pox: Monkeypox virus

monkeypox,

rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus, which is related to the viruses that cause smallpox and cowpox. The symptoms of monkeypox, which typically take 1 to 2 weeks to appear and last for 24 weeks, are similar to but milder than those of smallpox. Fever and chills, headache, muscle aches, and backache, and a feeling of exhaustion precede the development of swollen lympth nodes and a rash, which often first appears on the face before spreading elsewhere on the body; the rash lesions ultimately develop into pustules that open and then crust over. As many as 10% of cases result in death. There is no known treatment for monkeypox; the smallpox vaccine, antiviral drugs, and vaccinia immune globulin can be used to control an outbreak.

Human monkeypox infections occur when a person comes into contact with an infected animal or person or virus-contaminated materials such as bedding; the virus enters the body through a bite, scratch, or cut or abrasion in the skin or through the nose, mouth, or eyes. The virus is transmitted primarily by respiratory droplets, bodily fluids, or material from the lesions. Two distinct groups of monkeypox virus strains exist, Central African and West African. The latter generally results in milder cases with fewer deaths, and is not usually spread person to person.

Monkeypox was first identified in 1958 when outbreaks occurred in monkeys used for research; the disease also has been found in rodents. The first case in humans was recorded in 1970 in the Congo (Kinshasa). Monkeypox has since been reported in humans in other parts of central and W African. The only known outbreak outside Africa occurred in the United States in 2003; it was caused by a West African strain that came from small mammals imported from Ghana.

monkeypox

[′məŋ·kē‚päks]
(veterinary medicine)
An animal virus that causes a smallpox-like eruption but only rarely infects humans and has little potential for interhuman spread.
References in periodicals archive ?
psittaci Birds Listeria Amphibians Tularemia Mammals (especially rabbits) Leptospirosis Mammals Campylobacter Reptiles Enterobacter Reptiles Streptobacillus Mammals Pasterurella Mammals, birds Colibacilla Birds Yersinia pestis Mammals (rodents and fleas) Tuberculosis Mammals, birds Staphylococcus Mammals, birds Viral LCM (lymphocytic choriomeningitis) Mammals Rabies Mammals (rarely reported in birds of prey) Monkey Pox Potentially any mammal Yeast Candida Reptiles Fungal Dermatophytes (ringworm) Mammals Cryptococcus Birds Protozoan Giardia All species potential Coccidia All species potential
Others challenges loom: West Nile disease, monkey pox, hantavirus.
Unregulated movements of wild animals pose a serious risk to public health due to some of the animals in question being potential carriers of diseases, some of which can be fatally infectious for humans such as ebola, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)and monkey pox.
Concerned about the latest public health threat, whether monkey pox or tuberculosis?
They join other recent additions like Ebola and monkey pox.