monoplane

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monoplane:

see airplaneairplane,
 aeroplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Monoplane

 

an airplane with a single wing. In the early 20th century wings were called planes, since they were thin and often flat. They were fastened to the airplane with wires, cables, or steel bands (wire-braced monoplanes) or with struts (strutted monoplanes). Later the use of high-strength materials made possible the elimination of braces and struts (cantilever monoplanes). The wing of a cantilever monoplane is heavier than the wing of a biplane. However, this drawback is balanced by better flying performance.

Monoplanes are classified as high-wing, mid-wing, or low-wing types, according to the position of the wing relative to the fuselage. Cantilever monoplanes are now universally used; however, braced and strutted monoplanes are still used in light aviation and sportflying.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

monoplane

monoplane
Monoplane.
monoplane
Biplane.
An airplane with one main supporting surface wing that may be divided into two parts by the fuselage.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

monoplane

an aeroplane with only one pair of wings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005