Several examples for the emulsifiers incorporated in bread formulation include monoglycerides
, sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL), and diacetyl tartaric ester methyl (DATEM) .
This is due to the support of a a monoglyceride
backbone.The amount of fatty acids entering micellular solution may decrease because of the relatively low concentration of monoglycerides
in the duodenum.
Dietary restriction of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) avoids their conversion into monoglycerides
and free fatty acids (FFA), which are transported as chylomicrons to the intestinal lymph ducts.
As the food enters the small intestine, enzymes break down the carbohydrates into sugars, the proteins into amino acids and the fats into fatty acids, glycerol and monoglycerides
Flour Tortilla Enriched wheat flour, water, vegetable shortening (soybean, hydrogenated soybean and/or cottonseed oil), sugar, salt, leavening (baking soda, sodium acid pyrophosphate), molasses, dough conditioner (fumaric acid, distilled monoglycerides
. enzymes, vital wheat gluten, cellulose gum, wheat starch, calcium carbonate), calcium propionate, sorbic acid, and/or potassium sorbate (P).
Thormar, "Bactericidal effects of fatty acids and monoglycerides
on Helicobacter pylori" International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol.
Only signals due to the protons of the central glycerol part of tri-, di-, and monoglycerides
present in the oil remained (Figure 2).
Fortin, "Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid monoglycerides
are more potent than docosahexaenoic acid monoglyceride
to resolve inflammation in a rheumatoid arthritis model," Arthritis Research and Therapy, vol.
The NaOH, KOH or Meth-oxides are the most common catalysts which convert the triglycerides into di-glycerides, monoglycerides
Knowing that monoglycerides
and enzymes could be animal-derived and calcium stearoyl lactylate could be animal- and/or dairy-derived, The VRG called White Castle specifically about these ingredients.
It is now generally accepted that the antimicrobial activity, and especially anti-viral activity, in the body appears to be dependent on the digestion of triglycerides into monoglycerides
and fatty acids such as the digestion of lauric acid to monolaurin.