monoglyceride

(redirected from Monoglycerides)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

monoglyceride

[¦män·ō′glis·ə‚rīd]
(organic chemistry)
Any of the fatty-acid glycerol esters where only one acid group is attached to the glycerol group, for example, RCOOCH2CHOHCH2OH; examples are glycerol monostearate and monolaurate; used as emulsifiers in cosmetics and lubricants.
References in periodicals archive ?
Composition of biodiesel Methyl esters Monoglycerides Biodiesels (w/w%) (w/w%) Sunflower biodiesel 96.41 0.37 Soybean biodiesel 96.68 0.45 Composition of biodiesel Biodiesels Diglycerides (w/w%) Triglycerides (w/w%) Sunflower biodiesel 0.42 0.44 Soybean biodiesel 1.13 ND Composition of biodiesel Kinematic viscosity Biodiesels at 40[degrees]C ([mm.sup.-2] [s.sup.-1]) Sunflower biodiesel 3.93 Soybean biodiesel 4.1 TABLE 3 Fatty acid profiles of biodiesel sources.
Several examples for the emulsifiers incorporated in bread formulation include monoglycerides, sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL), and diacetyl tartaric ester methyl (DATEM) [95].
This is due to the support of a a monoglyceride backbone.The amount of fatty acids entering micellular solution may decrease because of the relatively low concentration of monoglycerides in the duodenum.
Dietary restriction of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) avoids their conversion into monoglycerides and free fatty acids (FFA), which are transported as chylomicrons to the intestinal lymph ducts.
As the food enters the small intestine, enzymes break down the carbohydrates into sugars, the proteins into amino acids and the fats into fatty acids, glycerol and monoglycerides.
Flour Tortilla Enriched wheat flour, water, vegetable shortening (soybean, hydrogenated soybean and/or cottonseed oil), sugar, salt, leavening (baking soda, sodium acid pyrophosphate), molasses, dough conditioner (fumaric acid, distilled monoglycerides. enzymes, vital wheat gluten, cellulose gum, wheat starch, calcium carbonate), calcium propionate, sorbic acid, and/or potassium sorbate (P).
Thormar, "Bactericidal effects of fatty acids and monoglycerides on Helicobacter pylori" International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol.
Only signals due to the protons of the central glycerol part of tri-, di-, and monoglycerides present in the oil remained (Figure 2).
Fortin, "Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid monoglycerides are more potent than docosahexaenoic acid monoglyceride to resolve inflammation in a rheumatoid arthritis model," Arthritis Research and Therapy, vol.
The NaOH, KOH or Meth-oxides are the most common catalysts which convert the triglycerides into di-glycerides, monoglycerides and glycerol.
Knowing that monoglycerides and enzymes could be animal-derived and calcium stearoyl lactylate could be animal- and/or dairy-derived, The VRG called White Castle specifically about these ingredients.
It is now generally accepted that the antimicrobial activity, and especially anti-viral activity, in the body appears to be dependent on the digestion of triglycerides into monoglycerides and fatty acids such as the digestion of lauric acid to monolaurin.