Mononucleotides

Mononucleotides

 

complex organic compounds consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base, a sugar radical (ribose or deoxyribose), and a phosphoric acid radical. Mononucleotides are monomers that form nucleic acids (polynucleotides). They are identified by the type of nitrogen base, which is a specific component. The ribose or deoxyribose phosphate unit is identical in different mononucleotides.

References in periodicals archive ?
Muddassir, Synthesis of New Chiral Heterocyclic Schiff Base Modulated Cu(II)/Zn(II) Complexes: Their Comparative Binding Studies with Ct-DNA, Mononucleotides and Cleavage Activity, J.
Clinical trial name: Study on the Lipid Improvement Effects of Ingesting Foods and Compounds Containing Resveratrol and Nicotinamide Mononucleotides
Serizawa, "Noncovalent functionalization of disentangled boron nitride nanotubes with flavin mononucleotides for strong and stable visible-light emission in aqueous solution," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol.
Other resonances in the monoester region, occurring between 3.8 and 5.2 ppm, were attributed to lower inositol phosphates, sugar phosphates, mononucleotides, and phospholipid degradation products [alpha]- and [beta]-glycerophosphate.
Five MS markers have been identified: 2 mononucleotides (BAT 25 and BAT 26) and 3 dinucleotides (D2S123, D5S346, and D17S250).
The present study has provided another example where mononucleotides can self-associate into a helix in the absence of phosphodiester bonds.
Spectral deconvolution was used in the crowded orthophosphate-monoester region to partition signal into the following components: (i) orthophosphate; (;/) humic P, identified as a broad feature centred at 4.8 ppm; (Hi) phytate (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate); (fv) the phytate isomer scyllo-inositol hexakisphosphate (referred to hereon as scyllo-[IP.sub.6]); (v) lipid P, identified as the sum of [alpha]- and [beta]-glycerophosphate, the alkaline hydrolysis products of phospholipid; and (vi) RNA P, identified as the sum of up to 4 peaks assigned to mononucleotides derived from alkaline hydrolysis of RNA.
It also performs many functions, including enhanced cell proliferation and biosynthesis of nicotinamide mononucleotides and dinucleotides (Skoczen et al., 2014).
The study also predicted the presence in the nucleus and cytoplasm of a 5'-to-3' exonuclease that preferentially digests uncapped RNA to 5' mononucleotides exonucleolytically.
The microbivore consisting of sufficient mechanical mincing power, digestion chamber where a pre-programmed sequence of engineered enzymes are successively injected and extracted, reducing the morcellate primarily to monoresidue amino acids, mononucleotides, glycerol, free fatty acids and simple sugars, which are then harmlessly discharged into the environment, completing the cycle.
Kometa, "On-line sample preparation for the determination of riboflavin and flavin mononucleotides in foodstuffs," Analyst, vol.