Monsoon Climate

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monsoon climate

[män′sün ‚klī·mət]
The type of climate which is found in regions subject to monsoons.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Monsoon Climate


a climate endemic to regions of the earth in which atmospheric circulation has a monsoon character. A monsoon climate is characterized by summers with heavy rainfall and winters with prolonged droughts. Correspondingly, the air humidity in the summer is significantly higher than in the winter. For example, in Bombay, India, 3 to 8 mm of precipitation fall during the winter, and 270 to 610 mm during the summer. The local geographic conditions in a number of regions result in variations of a monsoon climate. For example, Japan has heavy rainfall in the summer, as well as a significant amount of precipitation in the winter. Etesian climates, which experience the heaviest rainfall in the winter, prevail east of the Mediterranean Basin, where monsoon air currents move from the land in the summer and from the sea in the winter.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Due to the monsoon climate in the study area, there is more precipitation in the regions closer to the sea (for example pixel 3).
Due to the impact of the monsoon climate, there was a trend of higher droughts risk in the western area when compared to the eastern regions near the ocean (Figure 5).
It's one that's still the norm in many subtropical regions, but during the greenhouse spike in the late Paleocene epoch, monsoon climates extended well into what are now temperate latitudes.
The corollary of the summer rains of the monsoon climate is winter dryness, when hardly any rain falls.
The factor distinguishing the monsoon climate, and the one that determines many of the differences between its vegetation and that of the rainforest, is the existence of a relatively long dry season (more than three months in a row with less than 2.4 in [60 mm] of rain).
Bangladesh experiences a monsoon climate and has a floodplain topography, making it prone to hydrological disasters.
Not all the area with a monsoon climate is covered in monsoon forest, however.
Precipitation variability becomes essential to reveal the changing features of the monsoon climate as satellite-based precipitation products are highly valued along with the development of the remote sensing technology in recent years [6, 7].
Pakistan has in most areas of agriculture a monsoon climate, and there might be abundant rainfall during the wet season and then a very long dry season where crop production depends very heavily on irrigation water.
Shakil from NUST said Pakistan summer monsoon climate system needs research and training sessions on institutional arrangements for policy implementation and impacts of climate change.