Monsoon Currents

Monsoon Currents

 

in oceans and seas, surface currents extending to a depth of approximately 100 m. The currents are caused by monsoons and undergo seasonal changes of direction. Monsoon currents are most pronounced in the Indian Ocean—in the equatorial zone, in the Arabian Sea, in the Bay of Bengal, and partially off the coasts of northeastern Africa. In the West Pacific, monsoon currents are found in the Arafura, Banda, Java, and South China seas and in the Formosa and Torres straits.

The direction of the monsoon currents generally coincides with the direction of the monsoons (in the winter from Asia to Africa and Australia, and in the summer the reverse). The effect of the deflecting force of the earth’s rotation, local conditions, tidal phenomena, and other factors cause deviations of the monsoon currents from the wind direction, resulting in complex water circulation in certain oceanic monsoonal regions.

References in periodicals archive ?
Monsoon currents will remain cut off during next 24 to 48 hours.
Monsoon currents are penetrating in southern parts of the country and increasing temperature could further strengthen the rainy weather system, weather officials said.
According to the synoptic situation, seasonal low lies over Balochistan and its adjoining areas while monsoon currents are penetrating southern parts of the country.
Moderate monsoon currents are reaching upper and central parts of the country, while weak monsoon currents in southern parts of the country.
Strong monsoon currents from Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea are likely to penetrate northern parts of the country from Tuesday (evening/night) and expected to intensify from Wednesday.
Monsoon currents from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal are penetrating upper and central parts of the country.
The department highlighted that moderate monsoon currents are still entering lower parts of the country and likely to weaken gradually over the next 24 hours.
Met office informed that monsoon currents presently active over lower parts of the country are expected to weaken during next 24 hours.
Weak to moderate monsoon currents penetrating into the northeastern parts of the country have already brought rainfall in central Punjab, including Lahore.
Monsoon currents are continuously penetrating upper parts of the country and likely to strengthen further.
"Due to the strong winds and strong monsoon currents, the condition of the sea is likely to be rough to very rough during next 24 hours.
"Under the low-pressure system over Sindh, strong monsoon currents are continuously penetrating into Pakistan and causing widespread rains and thundershowers," the department said.