Monsoon Climate


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monsoon climate

[män′sün ‚klī·mət]
(climatology)
The type of climate which is found in regions subject to monsoons.

Monsoon Climate

 

a climate endemic to regions of the earth in which atmospheric circulation has a monsoon character. A monsoon climate is characterized by summers with heavy rainfall and winters with prolonged droughts. Correspondingly, the air humidity in the summer is significantly higher than in the winter. For example, in Bombay, India, 3 to 8 mm of precipitation fall during the winter, and 270 to 610 mm during the summer. The local geographic conditions in a number of regions result in variations of a monsoon climate. For example, Japan has heavy rainfall in the summer, as well as a significant amount of precipitation in the winter. Etesian climates, which experience the heaviest rainfall in the winter, prevail east of the Mediterranean Basin, where monsoon air currents move from the land in the summer and from the sea in the winter.

References in periodicals archive ?
It's one that's still the norm in many subtropical regions, but during the greenhouse spike in the late Paleocene epoch, monsoon climates extended well into what are now temperate latitudes.
The corollary of the summer rains of the monsoon climate is winter dryness, when hardly any rain falls.
The factor distinguishing the monsoon climate, and the one that determines many of the differences between its vegetation and that of the rainforest, is the existence of a relatively long dry season (more than three months in a row with less than 2.
The monsoon climate favors the establishment of its own distinctive plant cover and associated fauna: the monsoon forest.
With a history of civilization stretching back almost 5,000 years, the area is the most densely populated and, in some ways, the most extensively modified of all the world's regions with a monsoon climate.
Pakistan has in most areas of agriculture a monsoon climate, and there might be abundant rainfall during the wet season and then a very long dry season where crop production depends very heavily on irrigation water.
As the Capital of Western China s Sichuan province, Chengdu enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate and annual average temperatures of 16AC
Shakil from NUST said Pakistan summer monsoon climate system needs research and training sessions on institutional arrangements for policy implementation and impacts of climate change.