Montanism

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Montanism

(mŏn`tənĭzəm), apocalyptic movement of the 2d cent. It arose in Phrygia (c.172) under the leadership of a certain Montanus and two female prophets, Prisca and Maximillia, whose entranced utterances were deemed oracles of the Holy Spirit. They had an immediate expectation of Judgment Day, and they encouraged ecstatic prophesying and strict asceticism. They believed that a Christian fallen from grace could never be redeemed, in opposition to the Catholic view that, since the sinner's contrition restored him to grace, the church must receive him again. Montanism antagonized the church because the sect claimed a superior authority arising from divine inspiration. Catholics were told that they should flee persecution, Montanists were told to seek it. When the Montanists began to set up a hierarchy of their own, the Catholic leaders, fearing to lose the cohesion essential to the survivial of persecuted Christianity, denounced the movement. TertullianTertullian
(Quintus Septimus Florens Tertullianus) , c.160–c.230, Roman theologian and Christian apologist, b. Carthage. He was the son of a centurion and was well educated, especially in law. Converted to Christianity c.
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 was a notable member of the movement, which died (c.220) as a sect, except in isolated areas of Phrygia, where it continued to the 7th cent. But the puristic anti-intellectual movement had many descendants—NovatianNovatian
, fl. 250, Roman priest, antipope (from 251), and theologian. He opposed the election of St. Cornelius as pope and set himself up instead. He gained followers throughout the empire because of his espousal of the idea that those fallen from grace by compromising their
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, the Donatists (see DonatismDonatism
, schismatic movement among Christians of N Africa (fl. 4th cent.), led by Donatus, bishop of Casae Nigrae (fl. 313), and the theologian Donatus the Great or Donatus Magnus (d. 355).
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), the CathariCathari
[Gr.,=pure], name for members of the widespread dualistic religious movement of the Middle Ages. Carried from the Balkans to Western Europe, Catharism flourished in the 12th and 13th cent. as far north as England.
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, and even Emanuel SwedenborgSwedenborg, Emanuel
, 1688–1772, Swedish scientist, religious teacher, and mystic. His religious system, sometimes called Swedenborgianism, is largely incorporated in the Church of the New Jerusalem, founded some years after his death.
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 and Edward IrvingIrving, Edward,
1792–1834, Scottish preacher, under whose influence the Catholic Apostolic Church was founded; its members have sometimes been called Irvingites. He was tutor to Jane Welsh, later the wife of Thomas Carlyle, and became the friend of Carlyle.
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.

Montanism

2nd-century heretical Christian movement led by prophet Montanus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1012]
References in periodicals archive ?
2), el Plumajillo (Achillea millefolium L.) y el Sabino real (Juniperus montanus Martinez) obtuvieron el valor de dos (Tabla 3), utilizando principalmente hojas y planta completa.
The first scene of Love's Metamorphosis begins with Montanus, Silvestris, and Ramis hanging ornamental 'scutcheon[s] on th[e] tree' of Ceres for Nisa, Celia, and Niobe's benefit, and the nymphs later reply by decorating the sacred oak with inscribed retorts of their own (1.1.33).
montanus. In all the species, fewer numbers of stomata were observed in the adaxial surface compared to the abaxial surface (Table 3).
A study on home range of tree sparrow (Passer montanus) in Beijing normal university in winter.
En isla Leones se encontraron tres especies: peludo (Chaetophractus villosus), murcielago orejudo chico (Histiotus montanus) y rata noruega (Rattus norvegicus), mientras que en las islas Tova y Tovita se hallaron cuatro: gato (Felis catus), cuis chico (Microcavia australis), conejo (Oryctolagus cuniculus) y piche (Zaedyus pichiy).
Clade VI consisted of 13 branches with a single terminal taxon: nine species of Parapodisma, Bradynotes obesa (Thomas, 1827), Podisma tyatiensis Bugrov & Sergeev, 1997, Qinlingacris choui Li & Feng, 1991 and Asemoplus montanus (Bruner, 1885), and five sub-clades including members of three podismine subtribes.
Pemberton and Frey (1982) recognized three valid ichnospecies within Planolites: Planolites annularis, Planolites beverleyensis and Planolites montanus. The material described herein lacks the diagnostic annulations of Planolites annularis and is smaller and more tightly contorted than Planolites beverleyensis.
Convolvulus montanus, a) planta, b) hoja, c-d) flor, e) estigma, f) estambre, g) semilla
The news that a new species of repellant bug had been spotted in the Highlands for the first time actually pertained to an insect called a Female Psallus Montanus, and not a more lethal, repugnant pest known as a Male Nigelus Farageus.
Sex ratios in high-density populations of montane vole, Microtus montanus, and the behavior of territorial males.
Predictions of the final battle have been reiterated continually: from the heresies of Montanus in 172, through the well-respected theology of Hippolytus, the millennial hysteria of the year 1000, and flagellants during the Black Death of 1348.