Monte Cassino


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Monte Cassino

(môn`tā käs-sē`nō), monastery, in Latium, central Italy, E of the Rapido River. Situated on a hill (1,674 ft/510 m) overlooking Cassino, it was founded c.529 by St. BenedictBenedict, Saint
, d. c.547, Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia, author of a rule for monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto).
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 of Nursia, whose rule became that of all Benedictine houses in the world. Monte Cassino was throughout the centuries one of the great centers of Christian learning and piety; its influence on European civilization is immeasurable (see BenedictinesBenedictines,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church, following the rule of St. Benedict [Lat. abbr.,=O.S.B.]. The first Benedictine monastery was at Monte Cassino, Italy, which came to be regarded as the symbolic center of Western monasticism. St.
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). Its greatest abbot after St. Benedict was Desiderius (later Pope Victor III) in the 11th cent. The buildings of the abbey were destroyed four times: by the Lombards (c.581); by the Arabs (883); by an earthquake (1349); and, after their restoration in the 17th cent., by a concentrated Allied aerial bombardment in 1944 (see CassinoCassino
, town (1991 pop. 32,787), in Latium, central Italy, in the Apennines, on the Rapido River. It is a commercial and agricultural center, and the site of a Fiat auto assembly plant. The peace between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX was signed there in 1230.
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). The German garrison, who had used the abbey as a fortress, survived the bombing in previously dug caves, but the buildings were flattened and most of their art treasures destroyed. A considerable part of the library's collection of invaluable manuscripts was saved by the monks. The monastery was rebuilt again after World War II.

Monte Cassino

a hill above Cassino in central Italy: site of intense battle during World War II: site of Benedictine monastery (530 ad), destroyed by Allied bombing in 1944, later restored
References in periodicals archive ?
"He had always wanted to see the grave at Monte Cassino of his childhood friend Harry Cartwright who had been killed during the 1939-45 war and he was able to do this through an organised trip with the British Legion.
The bear has travelled to Italy with his division where he will help carry ammunition in the bloody battle of Monte Cassino, where more than 80,000 soldiers will lose their lives.
Q DURING the Second World War which forces took the monastery at Monte Cassino from the Germans?
My father later joined the Polish Free Army aged 15 and fought at Monte Cassino and my uncle was an RAF fighter pilot.
He served in North Africa, Italy and Austria, including the battle of Monte Cassino.
* Jimmy Cooke, 81, who fought at Monte Cassino in Italy.
The fourth battle of Monte Cassino, led by the Polish, began on May 11 ending in the capture of the monastery, which allowed the British and US divisions to begin the advance to Rome, which fell on June 4, 1944.
Many escapades followed and he fought with the 5th Kresowa Division at Monte Cassino, in Italy.
Monte Cassino by Matthew Parker (Headline, pounds 20)
Yet 50 old soldiers were denied just pounds 12,500 by the Community Fund so they could go to Italy for the 60th anniversary of the battle of Monte Cassino.
Even after 60 years the battle of Monte Cassino is vividly remembered.
Ray and Barbara Wragg, from Sheffield, were touched by the plight of the Monte Cassino Veterans' Association, which was unable to secure pounds 12,500 in Lottery funding.