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a nation in Yugoslavia, numbering 508,800 persons (1971 census), most of whom live in Montenegro (355,600) and Serbia (125,300). Montenegrins speak the Stokavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian. The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Church, and the rest are predominantly Muslims.

In terms of culture and way of life, the Montenegrins have much in common with the Serbs. However, the geographic isolation of their mountainous homeland, the centuries of struggle for independence from the Ottoman Empire, and the resultant militarization of life hindered Montenegro’s socioeconomic development and helped preserve the patriarchal clan social order. Although the ethnic composition of the Montenegrin clans (Vasojevići, Piperi, Kući, Belopavlići) was somewhat mixed owing to the influx of refugees from other parts of the country and groups of Albanian origin, it was popularly believed that all the members of a clan had a common ancestor and were blood relatives. Livestock raising and farming were the traditional occupations.

After the proclamation of a socialist Yugoslavia in 1945 and the creation of the republic of Montenegro, mechanization and new techniques were introduced in agriculture, and industrial enterprises were established. The former cultural backwardness of Montenegro has been overcome. The indigenous applied arts, notably wood and stone carving, metalworking, and embroidery, are flourishing. Oral poetry, music, and dance continue to develop vigorously. (For more information about the history, economy, and culture of the Montenegrins see MONTENEGRO.)


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
TOOTHLESS LIONS Steven Gerrard, Wayne Rooney and Peter Crouch feel the frustration at Wembley last night GOING DOWN THE PAN England boss Fabio Capello appears to agree with the verdict of ITV presenter Adrian Chiles POINT TAKEN The Montenegrans celebrate with their fans
THE money was down for Montenegrans FC Mogren yesterday and they did not disappoint in their Champions League first qualifying round first leg against Hibernians in Malta, writes Mark Langdon.
But, before that, the Ibrox men have the first leg of their Champions League qualifying tie on Tuesday July 31, against Montenegrans FC Zeta or Hearts owner Vladimir Romanov's Kaunas.
Again, it was winter, and by the time we'd reached opening night and headed off into the spring--Barrie to Leningrad, I to Helsinki--we'd forged another round of lifelong friendships and thawed the cold suspicions of our Communist colleagues, uniting Serbs and Croats and Bosnians and Montenegrans beneath a single banner--pitting Galileo against the Inquisition, freedom of thought against prevailing political ideology.
the much less desirable classes include Southern Italians, Bulgarians, Greeks, Servians, Poles, Portugese, Spaniards, Roumanians, and Montenegrans.' When asked why these different peoples had been classified as desirable or undesirable, Husband explained to Edward that 'to one who had had any wide experience of the matter, [it was] comparatively simple to make a broad generalization, but difficult to furnish reasons in detail'.
They also organized seminars in Israel for Bosnians, Serbs, Montenegrans, Macedonians, and Croats.
(95.) Jon Elster, Norms of Revenge, 100 ETHICS 862, 866-71 (1990) (describing norm enforcement through "honor" among Montenegrans and their pervasiveness of feuds); see also OSTROM, supra note 12, at 74-76 (noting similar problems in irrigating communities).
The Croats and Slovenes are Roman Catholics, from their history in the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the Serbs and their junior partners the Montenegrans are Eastern Orthodox from the days of Byzantium, and the Bosnians Muslim from the Ottoman Turks that destroyed the Byzantine Empire.
As the book was being printed Serbs, helped by some Montenegrans, were bombarding Dubrovnik and the Dalmatian coast of Yugoslavia.
Harried Montenegrans and ran his legs off but still not enough to warrant a start.
The main Slav nations of Yugoslavia, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, Montenegrans, Macedonians and Moslem Serbs all have uncertain pasts.
The defender admits that the pressure now is nowhere near as intense as it was at the start of the season when the Ibrox club had to win qualifiers against Montenegrans Zeta and Red Star Belgrade to make the Champions League.