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a nation in Yugoslavia, numbering 508,800 persons (1971 census), most of whom live in Montenegro (355,600) and Serbia (125,300). Montenegrins speak the Stokavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian. The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Church, and the rest are predominantly Muslims.

In terms of culture and way of life, the Montenegrins have much in common with the Serbs. However, the geographic isolation of their mountainous homeland, the centuries of struggle for independence from the Ottoman Empire, and the resultant militarization of life hindered Montenegro’s socioeconomic development and helped preserve the patriarchal clan social order. Although the ethnic composition of the Montenegrin clans (Vasojevići, Piperi, Kući, Belopavlići) was somewhat mixed owing to the influx of refugees from other parts of the country and groups of Albanian origin, it was popularly believed that all the members of a clan had a common ancestor and were blood relatives. Livestock raising and farming were the traditional occupations.

After the proclamation of a socialist Yugoslavia in 1945 and the creation of the republic of Montenegro, mechanization and new techniques were introduced in agriculture, and industrial enterprises were established. The former cultural backwardness of Montenegro has been overcome. The indigenous applied arts, notably wood and stone carving, metalworking, and embroidery, are flourishing. Oral poetry, music, and dance continue to develop vigorously. (For more information about the history, economy, and culture of the Montenegrins see MONTENEGRO.)


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
For as undeniably beautiful as Lake Skadar and the Montenegrin coastline are, the country's most scenic vistas may well be hidden away in the mountainous northwest and within the sweeping canyons of the eastern highlands.
However, police in the Montenegrin capital were forced to use tear gas against dozens of protesters in the staunchly conservative Balkan state.
Montenegrin President Fillip Vujanovic paid an official visit to Macedonia in March 2012.
u304 STANBUL (C\u304 HAN)- \'93Regardless of our ambitions to become part of the EU, we have to keep in mind that Turkey is also a very strong voice that can represent the needs of our region in wider terms in global platforms,\'94 Montenegrin Prime Minister Igor Luk\'9ai\u263 told me during a conversation I had with him in Ankara last week.
1870/74 and most Montenegrin revolvers--and probably all of the German and Belgian copies--had the chambers bored straight through allowed the use of either 11mm round in them which led to some cartridge manufacturers taking a cavalier attitude when it came to case length.
Ethnic groups (2003 census): Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, Muslim 5%, other (Croatian, Roma) 7%.
Montenegrins are less likely than are other Balkan residents that Gallup surveyed to believe corruption is widespread in their government, which bodes well for incumbent Filip Vujanovic and the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) in Sunday's presidential election.
The four Montenegrins - who pleaded not guilty - were released on bail yesterday pending their trial.
Petar Petrovic Njegos was born in the Montenegrin village of Njegos in 1813.
Predrag Bulatovic, head of the Montenegrin camp in the federal government, suggested that a decree on co-operating with The Hague would be 'unconstitutional'.
Despite Slobodan Milosevic's ouster from power in October 2000, the Montenegrins have continued to move closer to secession from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and will be holding a referendum on secession in June 2001.
The final act begins with a sad scene of lament, suggesting that Duke Otas and his wife Olivera have been killed; but further developments confirm that the Montenegrins have won a great battle in Drobnjak against the Turks, and indicate that the successful struggle for national survival and revival continues.