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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a nation in Yugoslavia, numbering 508,800 persons (1971 census), most of whom live in Montenegro (355,600) and Serbia (125,300). Montenegrins speak the Stokavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian. The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Church, and the rest are predominantly Muslims.

In terms of culture and way of life, the Montenegrins have much in common with the Serbs. However, the geographic isolation of their mountainous homeland, the centuries of struggle for independence from the Ottoman Empire, and the resultant militarization of life hindered Montenegro’s socioeconomic development and helped preserve the patriarchal clan social order. Although the ethnic composition of the Montenegrin clans (Vasojevići, Piperi, Kući, Belopavlići) was somewhat mixed owing to the influx of refugees from other parts of the country and groups of Albanian origin, it was popularly believed that all the members of a clan had a common ancestor and were blood relatives. Livestock raising and farming were the traditional occupations.

After the proclamation of a socialist Yugoslavia in 1945 and the creation of the republic of Montenegro, mechanization and new techniques were introduced in agriculture, and industrial enterprises were established. The former cultural backwardness of Montenegro has been overcome. The indigenous applied arts, notably wood and stone carving, metalworking, and embroidery, are flourishing. Oral poetry, music, and dance continue to develop vigorously. (For more information about the history, economy, and culture of the Montenegrins see MONTENEGRO.)


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The true racial heritage of Orthodox Montenegrins is an inextricable melange: Serb, Vlach, Albanian, along with remnants of all manner of pre-Slavic populations.
Montenegrin Prime Minister Mr Filip Vujanovic said the radicals, who are Milosevic's coalition partners, "reiterated their concept of a centralised" Yugoslavia.
Serbs and Montenegrins alike think economic conditions in their respective countries are challenging, though almost half among both groups of respondents believe conditions are improving.
The prospect of Montenegrin independence had been on the cards for some time, and as a referendum was always likely to be hotly contested, EU officials were above all keen to see a fair vote and an undisputed result either way.
Montenegrins feel considerably more positive about their country's government and leaders than Serbs feel about theirs.
Meanwhile, a group of fifteen Montenegrin non-governmental organisations issued a joint declaration inviting the European Union to provide its good services to help reach a consensus.
Festival concluded last night with a joint exhibition of Montenegrin photographer Dragan SjekloAa and academic painter Ljubomir Borozan, whiich will be displayed at the Academy of Fine Arts until Tuesday.
All the while, the Montenegrin strongman has been more or less everything that the zeitgeist of the particular time demanded: young communist functionary, ally of the nationalist autocrat Slobodan Milosevic, ideologue of the separation of his country from Serbia and, finally, a partner of the West who wants to lead his country into the European Union and NATO.
The United States, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, and European countries continue to provide counternarcotics assistance to Montenegrin law enforcement agencies, which have become increasingly capable of working closely with international counterparts in spite of resource constraints.
In a survey last year, 71% of Montenegrins said they believed homosexuality was an illness and 80% said it should be kept private.
On the occasion of 21 May, Montenegro's Independence Day, the Embassy of Montenegro, the Community of Montenegrins in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian-Montenegrin Friendship Society organized the event "Days of Montenegrin Culture in the Republic of Macedonia" from 8 to 21 May.