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Monterrey(mōntārā`), city (1990 pop. 1,068,996), capital of Nuevo LeónNuevo León
, state (1990 pop. 3,098,736), 25,136 sq mi (65,102 sq km), N Mexico. Monterrey is the capital. The southern and western parts of the state are traversed by the Sierra Madre Oriental, but some of the extreme western portions lie within the vast, semiarid basin
..... Click the link for more information. state, NE Mexico, the third largest city of Mexico. Located c.150 mi (240 km) S of Laredo, Tex., in a valley surrounded by mountains, Monterrey is the rail and highway hub of NE Mexico. It is also Mexico's second most important industrial center, the site of the nation's largest iron and steel foundries, and a major cement producer. Monterrey's modern industrial complex also includes a wide range of light manufacturing, including glass and beverages. The city has experienced further growth with the construction of maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
..... Click the link for more information. , foreign-owned plants which use low-wage labor for goods exported to the United States. Natural gas piped in from Texas and coal and petroleum from the neighboring states of Coahuila and Tamaulipas are also major sources of industrial activity. The moderate, dry climate, cool mountains, and hot springs make Monterrey a popular resort. The city was founded in 1579. During the Mexican War, it was captured by Zachary Taylor after a courageous defense (Sept. 19–24, 1846) by the besieged Mexicans. Monterrey is the home of the Univ. of Nueva Leon and a technological institute. The city's wealthier suburbs have houses built of stucco in a style derived from Spanish colonial and called Monterrey. Beginning in 2010 the city and its suburbs began to be affected by the drug-related violence that had previously plagued many border areas.
a city in northern Mexico and the administrative center of the state of Nuevo León. In 1970 the city had a population of 830,000, and the greater metropolitan area numbered 1,177,000 inhabitants.
Monterrey is an important Mexican industrial, transportation, and financial center. Its growth was facilitated by its position along the routes from central Mexico to the USA and by its proximity to deposits of polymetals, coal, petroleum, and natural gas and to irrigated regions. The city’s ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, chemical, electrical engineering, metalworking, and brewing industries are of national importance. There are also textile and cement enterprises. The city has a university.