Montezuma


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Montezuma

(mŏntĕso͞o`mä) or

Moctezuma

(mŏk–), 1480?–1520, Aztec emperor (c.1502–1520). He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Montezuma I (ruled 1440–69), who carried on conquests around TenochtitlánTenochtitlán
, ancient city in the central valley of Mexico. The capital of the Aztec, it was founded (c.A.D. 1345) on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco. It was a flourishing city (with an estimated population of between 200,000 and 300,000), connected with the mainland by
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. His reign was marked by incessant warfare, and his despotic rule caused grave unrest. When Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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 arrived in Mexico he was thus able to gain native allies, notably in the province of the Tlaxcala. Montezuma, believing the Spanish to be descendants of the god QuetzalcoatlQuetzalcoatl
[Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar.
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, tried to persuade them to leave by offering rich gifts. That failing, he received them in his splendid court at Tenochtitlán in Nov., 1519. Cortés later seized him as a hostage and attempted to govern through him. In June, 1520, the Aztec rose against the Spanish. Montezuma was killed, although whether by the Spanish or the Aztec is not certain. His successor died a few months later and was replaced by CuauhtémocCuauhtémoc
, d. 1525, Aztec emperor. Succeeding the brother of Montezuma II in 1520, Cuauhtémoc failed to unite the native city-states of the Valley of Mexico against the Spanish after the expulsion of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlán.
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. Montezuma's name is linked by a legend to fabulous treasures that the Spanish appropriated and presumably lost at sea.

Bibliography

See H. Thomas, Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés, and the Fall of Old Mexico (1994).

Montezuma

 

Two Aztec rulers.

Montezuma I Born 1390; died circa 1469. Ruler of the Aztecs. Upon achieving Aztec subjugation of the other tribes of central Mexico, Montezuma became the leader of the resulting alliance and established his capital in the city of Tenochtitlan, the present-day Mexico City.

Montezuma II Born 1466; died 1520. Ruler of the Aztecs from 1503. The alliance of Indian tribes headed by Montezuma was maintained by force of arms. With the arrival of the Spaniards in Tenochtitlán, Montezuma was taken captive; he issued an appeal to submit to the Spaniards, for which he was killed by rebelling Indians.

References in periodicals archive ?
Under the terms of the LOI, Revelo will be issued with new shares for a 19.9% equity interest in BMR, will have a 20% free-carried interest at the project level until completion of a preliminary economic assessment, and will operate the exploration program at Montezuma on behalf of BMR.
Principal terms of the LOI and subsequent Definitive Agreement (the "Agreement") for BMR to acquire an 80% interest in the resulting 16,000-hectare Montezuma project include:
Pero Montezuma no se rindio, y mientras los mapas originales viajaban a traves del Atlantico, Tenochtitlan no estaba en manos de los espanoles.
Entonces Montezuma le dijo otras palabras de buen comedimiento, y mando a dos de sus sobrinos de los que le traian de brazo, que era el senor de Tezcuco y el senor de Cuyuacan, que se fuesen con nosotros hasta aposentarnos, y Montezuma con los otros dos sus parientes, Cuedlavaca y el senor de Tacuba, que le acompanaban, se volvio a la ciudad, y tambien se volvieron con el todas aquellas grandes companias de caciques y principales que le habian venido a acompanar; y cuando se volvian con su senor estabamoslos mirando como iban todos los ojos puestos en tierra, sin mirarle, y muy arrimados a la pared, y con gran acato le acompanaban; y asi tuvimos lugar nosotros de entrar por las calles de Mexico sin tener tanto embarazo.
I can just tell you that it seemed that he followed her, seemed to be drawn to her on that particular day, for whatever reason he chose to abduct her," Rahn told reporters at a news conference outside the sheriff's office in Montezuma, where Rivera was being held on $1 million cash-only bond.
Montezuma's vegan egg is dark chocolate with cocoa nibs and costs PS8.99.
Restall is emphatic and witty in his argument that Montezuma did not surrender; the assumption that he did was the result of ignorance about the subtleties of the native language.
Montezuma Castle is not a castle and has no connection to the fabled Aztec ruler.
Canadian mining company Revelo Resources Corp (TSX VENTURE:RVL) stated on Friday that it now owns a 100% interest in the Montezuma copper project in northern Chile.
"Montezuma Hall is a state-of-the-art venue, and our attending graduates will get a glimpse into the great opportunities and facilities that could potentially await them by pursuing higher education."
SGN, 200 South Front St., Montezuma, IA 50171, telephone 800-741-0015, offers a very good substitute that's probably just as good if not better.
I also see many volunteers with the Friends of Montezuma, a group that supports habitat restoration and management, wildlife conservation and enhancement projects at the U.S.