Montpellier

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Montpellier

(môNpĕlyā`), city (1990 pop. 210,866), capital of Hérault dept., S France, near the Mediterranean coast. It is a great commercial center. Its industries, many of them recently developed, include food processing, salt working, textile milling, printing, and the manufacture of metal items and chemicals. Tourism, improved by the development of the nearby coast, is a major industry. Montpellier's population increased dramatically during the 1960s, due in part to an influx of refugees from Algeria. Dating from the 8th cent., Montpellier was the center of a fief under the counts of Toulouse; it passed (13th cent.) to the kings of Majorca, from whom it was purchased (1349) by Philip VI of France. A Huguenot center, it was besieged and taken by Louis XIII in 1622. It was the seat of the provincial estates of LanguedocLanguedoc
, region and former province, S France, bounded by the foot of the Pyrenees, the upper Garonne River, the Auvergne Mts., the Rhône, and the Mediterranean.
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. Montpellier's fame rests principally on its university, founded in 1289. Its noted medical faculty is traced to the 10th cent.; Rabelais was its most famous student. The city is also the seat of agricultural and military schools and of an international wine festival. The botanical garden there was founded in 1593.

Montpellier

 

a city in southern France, located on the Lez River near the coast of the Gulf of Lions. Capital of the department of Herault. Population, 161,900 (1968). Montpellier is a transportation junction. Among its industries are electrical engineering and machine building; clothing, food, and fertilizer are also produced there. Montpellier is an important center for winemaking and the wine trade. A university and a botanical garden are located in the city.

Montpellier arose during the eighth century on the site of two villages. Because of its location near the sea and on intersecting trade routes, the city developed into a major economic center in the 12th and 13th centuries, producing cloth and leather and trading with Italy, Spain, and the Levant. Montpellier became part of the kingdom of Aragon in 1204 and of the kingdom of Mallorcain 1276. Self-governing after 1204, Montpellier became famous during the 13th century for its medical school; its university was founded in 1289.

In 1292 a portion of Montpellier was purchased by the French king, and in 1349 the entire city was annexed in this fashion. During the religious wars of the 16th century, Montpellier became a stronghold of the Huguenots, who ruled the city from 1567. Louis XIII took the city in 1622 after a lengthy siege. In the 17th century, Montpellier was made the capital of the province of Languedoc. At the end of the 18th century it became the capital of the department of Herault.

Montpellier

a city in S France, the chief town of Languedoc: its university was founded by Pope Nicholas IV in 1289; wine trade. Pop.: 225 392 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) University Hospital, Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Montpellier, France
Simonin is an assistant professor at the Unite Mixte de Recherche 1058, Universite de Montpellier, Montpellier, France. His research interests are arboviruses and viral neurotropism.
Dr Pascal De Santa Barbara (Inserm, Montpellier, France) spoke on "Avian retroviral transgenesis approaches: gain & loss of function".
The author is a faculty member of The Laboratory of Informatics, Robotics, and Microelectronics of Montpellier, France. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Montpellier, France, June 10, 2016 --(PR.com)-- Scribens corrects many types of common grammar mistakes, including verbs, nouns, pronouns, prepositions, homonyms, punctuation, typography, and more.
Winner of a gold medal Innovation Award at the 2015 SITEVI exposition in Montpellier, France, the QC620 continuous-pressing system by Diemme Enologia includes a vibrating sorting device, high-pressure peristaltic pump and horizontal hydraulic press.
The POWER Acceleration and Design Center, to be located in Montpellier, France, will provide technical support to software developers working on applications to support data-intensive research and operations.
But she now appears to be in good health as doctors continue to monitor her progress at a hospital in Montpellier, France. The picture was posted on social media by former Ospreys star Collins' close friend and former teammate Neemia Tialata, who has regularly visited Ayla since the accident.
Montpellier, France. Web site: http:// iccb-eccb2015.org.
After this long and illustrious career as a criminal lawyer, Meirion and his wife Norma are looking forward to enjoying their retirement in Montpellier, France.
A new IBM Power Systems Linux Center for developers, clients and partners opened in Montpellier, France. Joining similar centers in Asia and North America, the Montpellier center is an immediate result of a larger initiative by IBM to commit $1 billion towards Linux ecosystem growth on IBM's Power Systems line of servers.
IBM, which produces supercomputers as well as servers that run computer networks and manage big data for corporate clients, said it would establish a new Linux center in Montpellier, France.

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