Jeong-ju, North P'yŏng'an, Japanese Korea (now North Pyongan, North Korea)
Religious leader, business magnate, media mogul
Founder of Unification Church
Moon, Sun Myung
(sŭn yŭng mo͞on), 1920–2012, South Korean religious leader. He was an engineering student in Japan and a dockworker before founding (1954) the Unification ChurchUnification Church, church founded (1954) in South Korea by Sun Myung Moon; officially the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification for World Christianity. Moon moved to the United States in 1971. He and his wife, Hak Ja Han, are seen by followers as "True Parents. .....Click the link for more information. with a doctrine loosely based on Christianity as interpreted by Moon, who declared (2004) himself the "Messiah." Church teachings also included elements of Eastern philosophy and what were said to be revelations from God to Moon. He introduced the movement to the United States in the 1960s and settled there in 1972; its world headquarters are now in New York City. He also had a wide range of commercial interests in Korea, the United States, Japan, and other countries. Moon was accused of brainwashing converts and of various illegal activities; he was convicted (1982) of conspiracy to evade taxes.