Mooney, Edward

Mooney, Edward (Francis)

(1882–1958) Catholic prelate; born in Mt. Savage, Md. Ordained in 1909, he was a theology professor, seminary spiritual director, and Vatican diplomat before becoming bishop of Rochester, N.Y. (1933). As an official of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, he was a major Catholic spokesman on social issues. Named archibishop of Detroit (1937) and made a cardinal (1946), he promoted workers' rights and bolstered church finances.