Norwegian elkhound

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Norwegian elkhound,

breed of compact houndhound,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs bred to hunt animals. Most of the dogs in this group hunt by scent, their quarry ranging from such large game as bear or elk to small game and vermin; ground scenters trail slowly with the head low, and
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 whose origins in Norway go back more than 5,000 years. It stands about 19 in. (48.3 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs between 40 and 50 lb (18.1–22.7 kg). Its thick, close-lying, gray coat is composed of a soft, woolly undercoat and a coarse outercoat. The elkhound was used by the Vikings as a herder of flocks and hunter of such game as elk, bears, mountain lions, and lynx. Still used to hunt elk today, it locates its quarry by scent and then leads the hunter to it. In the United States it is kept as a pet and watchdog. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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.