Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Moraceae: Apocynaceae, Bombacaceae


A family of dicotyledonous woody plants in the order Urticales characterized by two styles or style branches, anthers inflexed in the bud, and secretion of a milky juice.



(mulberry), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and—much less commonly—herbs. Almost all species contain a milky juice. The leaves have stipules and are mostly alternate. The small, inconspicuous flowers are regular and unisexual; they are gathered in racemose, spicate, umbelliferous, or capitate inflorescences. In many species the axis of the inflorescence is thickened and has the shape of a saucer, cup, or sphere. The perianth generally has four sepals; sometimes a perianth is absent. The fruit is usually a collection of drupes and is often connate.

There are more than 1,500 species, making up 60 to 85 genera. The plants are found mainly in the tropics and subtropics. The largest genus, Ficus (fig), comprises about 1,000 species. In the USSR the common fig (F. carica) grows wild; cultivated species include the mulberry (Morus) and, less commonly, the osage orange (Madura).

The family Moraceae includes many economically important species. The fruits of the fig, the breadfruit tree, and the mulberry are edible; the milky juice of the cow tree (Brosimum galactodendron, or Galactodendron Mile) may be used in food. Mulberry leaves serve as food for silkworms. The rubber plant (Ficus elástica) and species of the genus Castilloa are sources of rubber. Species of several genera, including Chlorophora, Brous-sonetia, Madura, and Morus, yield valuable lumber. There are a number of poisonous species, for example, the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaría).


Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
The current study was carried out to analyze the qualitative estimation of various phyto-compounds as well as antioxidant potential of all the seven species of Family Moraceae, as assessed using DPPH assay.
En tres zonas de vegetacion riberena de un afluente del rio Tacotalpa, se registraron 1681 individuos, 38 familias y 131 especies; las familias mas representativas fueron Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae y Moraceae.
Figura 8 Especies que aparecen con mayor frecuencia en las banquetas de Hermosillo Nombre Familia Genero y especie Benjamina Moraceae Ficus benjamina Olivo negro Combretaceae Bucida buceras Mezquite Fabaceae Prosopis spp.
Las mejor representadas fueron Leguminosae con 10 especies, Moraceae con 5 y Rubiaceae con 3.
En la Llanura eolica las cinco familias con mayor valor de importancia son Arecaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Fabaceae y Moraceae (Anexo 2).
The fig or Anjeer botanically called Ficus carica belongs to the mulberry family Moraceae.
Por ultimo, el TFP6 con 10 especies, 4 Clusiaceae, 3 Arecaceae, y una especie por cada una de las familias Humiriaceae, Linaceae y Moraceae.
Para el Huila, las familias con el mayor numero de generos con pioneras intermedias son Leguminosae, Rubiaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae y Anacardiaceae, 82% estan representadas hasta por tres generos y 36% por un genero.
En las parcelas de 50 anos las familias mejor representadas fueron Leguminosae con 237 individuos, Musaceae con 222, Rhamnaceae con 195, Meliaceae con 83, Lauraceae con 74 y Moraceae con 68 que, juntas corresponden al 71% (Figura 2b).
Esta especie pertenece a la familia Moraceae, cuyos frutos varian en peso, de 1.