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Related to Moraceae: Apocynaceae, Bombacaceae


A family of dicotyledonous woody plants in the order Urticales characterized by two styles or style branches, anthers inflexed in the bud, and secretion of a milky juice.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(mulberry), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and—much less commonly—herbs. Almost all species contain a milky juice. The leaves have stipules and are mostly alternate. The small, inconspicuous flowers are regular and unisexual; they are gathered in racemose, spicate, umbelliferous, or capitate inflorescences. In many species the axis of the inflorescence is thickened and has the shape of a saucer, cup, or sphere. The perianth generally has four sepals; sometimes a perianth is absent. The fruit is usually a collection of drupes and is often connate.

There are more than 1,500 species, making up 60 to 85 genera. The plants are found mainly in the tropics and subtropics. The largest genus, Ficus (fig), comprises about 1,000 species. In the USSR the common fig (F. carica) grows wild; cultivated species include the mulberry (Morus) and, less commonly, the osage orange (Madura).

The family Moraceae includes many economically important species. The fruits of the fig, the breadfruit tree, and the mulberry are edible; the milky juice of the cow tree (Brosimum galactodendron, or Galactodendron Mile) may be used in food. Mulberry leaves serve as food for silkworms. The rubber plant (Ficus elástica) and species of the genus Castilloa are sources of rubber. Species of several genera, including Chlorophora, Brous-sonetia, Madura, and Morus, yield valuable lumber. There are a number of poisonous species, for example, the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaría).


Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These records demonstrate that this species can feature a generalist diet, despite the preference for Moraceae cited by Fleming (1986), Galetti and Morellato (1994) and Passos et al.
Pages 342-362 in Moraceae. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California, USA.
Leaps and Bounds: Moraceae. The Cutting Edge 20 (1).
Ficus palmata is utilized as fuel wood and generally utilized for the successful treatment of numerous ailments, viz skin illnesses, ringworm, wound diseases and haemorrhoid [4, 5].The fig organic product (Ficus palmata) is extremely feeding sustenance and utilized as a part of mechanical item under different structures, ie crisp, dried and canned, loaded down with nuts, secured with chocolate or aromatized in diverse ways [6, 7].Ficus cordata Thunb (Moraceae) is a savana tree of around ten meters stature found in Senegal, Angola, South Africa and Cameroon [8].
Chinese banyan, Moraceae. (last accessed 28 Jul 2015).
Lecanodiaspis dendrobii (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Lecanodiaspididae) is a polyphagous scale insect that feeds on many plant species distributed in six botanic families: Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Moraceae, Orchidaceae, Rutaceae and Verbenaceae (Garcia et al., 2015).