Moraceae


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Related to Moraceae: Apocynaceae, Bombacaceae

Moraceae

[mə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous woody plants in the order Urticales characterized by two styles or style branches, anthers inflexed in the bud, and secretion of a milky juice.

Moraceae

 

(mulberry), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and—much less commonly—herbs. Almost all species contain a milky juice. The leaves have stipules and are mostly alternate. The small, inconspicuous flowers are regular and unisexual; they are gathered in racemose, spicate, umbelliferous, or capitate inflorescences. In many species the axis of the inflorescence is thickened and has the shape of a saucer, cup, or sphere. The perianth generally has four sepals; sometimes a perianth is absent. The fruit is usually a collection of drupes and is often connate.

There are more than 1,500 species, making up 60 to 85 genera. The plants are found mainly in the tropics and subtropics. The largest genus, Ficus (fig), comprises about 1,000 species. In the USSR the common fig (F. carica) grows wild; cultivated species include the mulberry (Morus) and, less commonly, the osage orange (Madura).

The family Moraceae includes many economically important species. The fruits of the fig, the breadfruit tree, and the mulberry are edible; the milky juice of the cow tree (Brosimum galactodendron, or Galactodendron Mile) may be used in food. Mulberry leaves serve as food for silkworms. The rubber plant (Ficus elástica) and species of the genus Castilloa are sources of rubber. Species of several genera, including Chlorophora, Brous-sonetia, Madura, and Morus, yield valuable lumber. There are a number of poisonous species, for example, the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaría).

REFERENCE

Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Foliolo terminal de mayor tamano que los centrales hasta 20 cm de largo y 8 cm de ancho Trichila martiana Las especies estudiadas aca presentan una marcada diferencia en los caracteres vegetativos y diagnosticos de rapida observacion, permitiendo la elaboracion de la clave dicotomica para su diferenciacion; entre los caracteres observados y evaluados para tal fin, se destaca la presencia de latex, dentro de este grupo estan las especies de las familias Apocynaceae, Moraceae, Sapotaceae y Sapium glandulosum (Euphorbiaceae), destacando que dentro de estas especies, solo Stemmadenia grandiflora presenta colateres en la parte interna del peciolo conforme con Zarucchi et al.
These records demonstrate that this species can feature a generalist diet, despite the preference for Moraceae cited by Fleming (1986), Galetti and Morellato (1994) and Passos et al.
Sementes pertencentes a individuos da familia Moraceae (Ficus guaranitica, Ficus insipida, Ficus sp.
Pages 342-362 in Moraceae. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California, USA.
Flora Neotropica Monograph 83: Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with Introductions to the Family and Ficus and with Additions and Corrections to Flora Neotropica.
Leaps and Bounds: Moraceae. The Cutting Edge 20 (1).
Ficus palmata is utilized as fuel wood and generally utilized for the successful treatment of numerous ailments, viz skin illnesses, ringworm, wound diseases and haemorrhoid [4, 5].The fig organic product (Ficus palmata) is extremely feeding sustenance and utilized as a part of mechanical item under different structures, ie crisp, dried and canned, loaded down with nuts, secured with chocolate or aromatized in diverse ways [6, 7].Ficus cordata Thunb (Moraceae) is a savana tree of around ten meters stature found in Senegal, Angola, South Africa and Cameroon [8].
Chinese banyan, Moraceae. http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/pdf/ficus_microcarpa.pdf (last accessed 28 Jul 2015).
Lecanodiaspis dendrobii (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Lecanodiaspididae) is a polyphagous scale insect that feeds on many plant species distributed in six botanic families: Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Moraceae, Orchidaceae, Rutaceae and Verbenaceae (Garcia et al., 2015).