is a gram negative bacterium which is usually found in corneal tissues of animals suffering from infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (Barner, 1952).
IBK is a multifactorial disease, meaning that many different factors contribute to its development, including environmental conditions (plant awns such as foxtails, dust, ultraviolet light), insects (flies), bacteria (Moraxella bovis
) and viruses (Angelos 2009).
caused infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis, a devastating ocular disease of cattle which occurs worldwide .
The most common cause of this distressing and economically important disease is the bacteria Moraxella bovis
. Other infectious and physical factors may increase the severity and the susceptibility to the disease, including viral and Mycoplasmal infections, trauma to the eye, flies especially face flies (Musca autumnalis), ultraviolet light, dust and pollens.
The bacteria Moraxella bovis
is the most common pathogen associated with pinkeye.
CRIs were also used to estimate antigenic relationships of different antigenic groups of Bordetella bronchiseptica (OLIVEIRA & GIL-TURNES, 1988) and Moraxella bovis
(CONCEICAO et al., 2003), the etiological agents of Atrophic Rhinitis of swine and Bovine Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis, respectively.
The Moraxella bovis
serological Western blot test developed by the researchers identified 95% of workers in a tuberculosis and respiratory diseases healthcare setting as being sensitized to MTB.
The most common causative agent of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis is Moraxella bovis
. Pathogenesis of disease is influenced by many factors such as season, mechanical irritation (dust, grass, weeds, etc.), host immune response and eye pigmentation.
The main cause of this distressing and economically important disease is the bacteria Moraxella bovis
, although other infectious and physical factors may increase severity and susceptibility to the disease.