Morbidity


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morbidity

[mȯr′bid·əd·ē]
(medicine)
The quantity or state of being diseased.
The conditions inducing disease.
The ratio of the number of sick individuals to the total population of a community.

Morbidity

 

a medical statistical index reflecting the total number of cases of diseases recorded during a calendar year among the population of a particular area. It is expressed as the number of cases per 100, 1,000, or 10,000 persons. The morbidity level in the previous calendar year and its changes in several preceding years are major indicators of the health of the population and of the effectiveness of the work of the public health organizations. These statistics are also used as the basis for the planning of all therapeutic and preventive measures.

The adoption of the international nomenclature and classification of diseases and causes of death by the USSR in 1965 made it possible to analyze morbidity according to standard principles and to obtain comparable results. An exhaustive recording of diseases does not only include those illnesses first recorded in a particular year. It also records all diseases, including chronic illnesses, that were detected in the past and required regular visits to the doctor in a given year. This type of medical statistical index is called the prevalence rate.

O. G. FROLOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
During Morbidity Week 33, a total of 512 new cases were reported while only 398 were reported during Morbidity Week 34.
Exclusion criteria were the patients with a past or current history of any psychiatric or chronic physical illness (DM, IHD, HTN, RA or other diseases of chronic nature) or with a past or current history of substance use so that direct effect of psychiatric morbidity can be related with the tumor.
This provides further support for limiting the use of cesarean for twin deliveries to cases with clear medical indications, as increasing the rate of vaginal deliveries may decrease the rate of severe acute maternal morbidity, they concluded.
Previous studies examining the risk of surgical morbidity with repeat cesarean delivery have reported mixed results.
As very little information is available about the disease profile of different population groups in India, [7] and periodic change in morbidity pattern in the population, present study was planned with the objective to study the morbidity pattern of the rural and urban population in our field practice area, so that our services and health education activities can be planned according to the needs of the population.
"Black women, Hispanic women, and women of other races/ethnicities were overrepresented among deliveries involving severe maternal morbidity, as compared with white women," wrote Kathryn Fingar, PhD, and her coauthors.
"Programs for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity may have the greatest effect focusing on women at highest risk for blood transfusion and maternity care management for women with comorbid chronic conditions, particularly multiple chronic conditions," the authors write.
Moreover, papers highlighted incidence of maternal morbidity in Oman
Such assessment of the morbidity profile amongst elderly will highlight some very common geriatric diseases in Pakistan.
Conclusion: Quality of life based on DLQI score was impaired in 70% of cases where as psychiatric morbidity was noticed in 48.3% of patients.
Some authors have suggested that the iliac crest as donor site produce an unacceptably high degree of postoperative morbidity such as pain, functional disorders, hemorrhage, visible scar, contour deformity and sensory loss.2 The ilium is still the first choice donor site and should not be rejected solely because of concerns regarding postoperative morbidity.
Sera (3 [micro]l) from subjects with pregnancy morbidity, patients with APS, and healthy donors were diluted with 72 [micro]l radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) buffer and heated at 95[degrees]C for 5 min in sodium dodecyl sulphate- (SDS-) loading buffer [32].