Mordant Dyes

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mordant Dyes


synthetic dyes that are used with auxiliary substances called mordants. Specific mordant dyes are used for cotton and wool. The mordant applied in the dyeing of wool is Na2Cr2O7. During the dyeing process, hexavalent chromium becomes trivalent and combines with the dye and the wool to form a stable complex compound. Hence the name chrome dyes. Mordant dyes are rarely used for cotton because of insufficient dye stability.

Mordant dyes are classified according to chemical structure as azo dyes and anthraquinone dyes, even though the latter are often used without a mordant. The ability of mordant dyes to form complexes with trivalent chromium is dependent on the presence of specific atomic groups in their composition, for example, two OH groups, or OH and NH2, or COOH and OH in ortho positions relative to the azo group. One example of a mordant dye is chrome blue 2K:

In wool dyeing, mordant dyes impart color with exceptional fastness and are widely used in those cases where bright colors are not necessary.


Chekalin, M. A., B. V. Passet, and B. A. Ioffe. Tekhnologiia organiches-kikh krasitelei i promezhulochnykh produktov. Leningrad, 1972.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the topics are the structure of wool, the role of auxiliaries in dyeing wool and other keratin fibers, wool-dyeing machinery, dyeing wool with acid and mordant dyes, dying wool blends, and the coloration of human hair.
A fragment of dyed cotton was found in Harappa with vestiges of mordant dyes; it was clinging to a silver jar.