Morels


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Related to Morels: False morels
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Morels

 

a group of ascomycetous fungi consisting of caps and stalks and having fragile, bulky fruiting bodies with little flesh. The surface of the cap is vesicular, flexuous, wavy, or smooth and is covered with a sporebearing layer. There are a number of genera. The most common are Morchella, which has a ribbed-vesicular cap whose edges are attached to the stalk; Verpa, which has a wrinkled or, less frequently, smooth cap with free edges; and Gyromitra, which has a flexuous cap that resembles a brain and has partially attached edges. Sometimes the Russian common name smorchki is given to all genera and species of morels.

Morels most commonly grow in early spring in forests, in parks, and in the steppe. The most common mushrooms of the group are M. esculenta, M. stepicola, V. bohemica, and G. esculenta. (The last species grows in pine groves.) All four species are used as food. However, G. esculenta contains a toxic substance that can cause serious poisoning. The mushroom should be chopped into tiny pieces and boiled, since the toxic substance is soluble in hot water. G. esculenta is considered harmless when dried.

B. P. VASIL’KOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Morel is the species of edible fungi which is valued highly due to its nutritional worth and it grows naturally in bulk quantity in different areas of the district, providing one of the major sources of sustenance for thousands of families who collected it in the forest.
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I have suggested this linguistic commonality in Figure 1A by showing a mere dotted line as "boundary" between Morel and "the community."
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Since then, morels have evolved into 177 related species, and western North America - particularly the Pacific Northwest - has been an evolutionary hot spot.
She was 13-year-old Posy Morel then and reminisced: "Iwas very naive and quite unimpressed by all the fuss, and the male crowd, mostly miners, picking me up from the horse, the saddle with me on top, to carry us into the weighing room."
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She is a past president of the New York Mycological Society and a frequent speaker, in the United States and abroad, on the topics of medicinal mushrooms, desert truffles and morels.