Morgan, Julia,1872–1957, American architect, b. San Francisco, B.S. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1894. Trained as an engineer, she became the first woman to study architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (grad. 1902) and to be a licensed architect in California, setting up her practice in 1904. One of her first projects, a reinforced-concrete campanile in the Mission style at Mills College (1904) withstood the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and helped establish her reputation, as did her rebuilding of San Francisco's Fairmont Hotel (1907). Designing some 800 buildings, including educational facilities, churches, office buildings, and private residences, in a wide variety of styles, she became known for her California projects, many of them in the San Fransisco Bay area. Her most famous building is William Randolph HearstHearst, William Randolph,
1863–1951, American journalist and publisher, b. San Francisco. A flamboyant, highly controversial figure, Hearst was nonetheless an intelligent and extremely competent newspaperman.
..... Click the link for more information. 's lavish San Simeon castle. She created a number of other buildings for Hearst, including the Los Angeles Examiner Building (1915) and Wyntoon (1924–43), a family retreat modeled after a Bavarian village. She also designed a number of centers for the YWCA, another major client, and other buildings at Mills College.
See biographies by S. H. Boutelle (1988), C. James (1990), and G. Wadsworth (1990); studies by T. Coffman (2003) and M. Wilson (2012).
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American architect/engineer; the first woman to study at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris; and California’s first licensed woman architect. Her work includes several buildings for Mills College, Oakland, CA, including the reinforced-concrete campanile (1903), the library, and gymnasium (both in 1907). She designed the buildings at San Simeon, CA (1919), for William Randolph Hearst.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
Morgan, Julia(1872–1957) architect; born in San Francisco. Practicing independently in San Francisco, she designed more than 800 buildings, including Hearst's estates at San Simeon (1919–39) and Wyntoon (1931–42), and she influenced regional styles through her use of redwood shingle and Spanish revival style.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.