Morgan, Jacques Jean Marie de

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Morgan, Jacques Jean Marie de


Born June 3, 1857, in Huisseau-sur-Cosson, department of Loir-et-Cher; died June 12, 1924, in Marseille. French archaeologist.

Morgan conducted excavations in northern Iran and the Caucasus (burial grounds dating from the first millennium B.C.) from 1886 to 1889 and in Egypt (the tombs of the pharaohs of the First Dynasty in Neqada, a mastaba of the Sixth Dynasty in Saqqara) from 1892 to 1897. At the end of 1897, he began excavations in Susa (Iran), where he discovered Elamite inscriptions and a stela with the Code of Hammurabi. In 1907 he identified the Capsian culture in Tunisia. During the last years of his life, Morgan wrote a number of general works on history, archaeology, and ethnography, including a history of the Armenian people.


Mission scientifique au Caucase, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1889.
Mémoires de la Délégation archéologique en Perse, vols. 1–13. Published under the direction of J. de Morgan. Paris, 1900–12.
Histoire du peuple arménien depuis les temps les plus reculés de ses annales jusqu’à nos jours. Paris, 1919.
La Préhistoire orientale, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1925–27.
In Russian translation:
Doistoricheskoe chelovechestvo. Moscow-Leningrad, 1926.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.