Morgantown, city (1990 pop. 25,879), seat of Monongalia co., N W.Va., near the Pa. line, on the Monongahela River; inc. 1785. A shipping point for a coal and limestone region, it also has glass, chemical, office furniture, mining equipment, and pharmaceutical industries. Fort Morgan was built there in 1772, and the first settlers arrived the same year. Iron, discovered in 1789, was the principal industry until the Civil War. The city is the seat of West Virginia Univ., which has two main campuses in town.