Moriscos

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Moriscos

(môrĭs`kōz) [Span.,=Moorish], Moors converted to Christianity after the Christian reconquest (11th–15th cent.) of Spain. The Moors who had become subjects of Christian kings as the reconquest progressed to the 15th cent. were called Mudéjares. They remained Muslim, and their religion and customs were generally respected. After the fall of Granada (1492), Cardinal Jiménez converted many Moors by peaceful means. However, the rigorous treatment of those who refused conversion or apostatized from the new faith led to an uprising (1500–1502) in Granada. This was soon suppressed. Faced with choosing between conversion or banishment, the majority accepted conversion, but many continued secretly to practice Islam. The Moriscos at times provided the Ottoman Turks with information facilitating Turkish raids on the Spanish coast. Persecuted by the Spanish Inquisition and subjected to restrictive legislation (1526, 1527), the Moriscos rose in a bloody rebellion (1568–71), which Philip II put down with the help of John of Austria. The Moriscos prospered in spite of persecutions and furthered Spanish agriculture, trade, and industries. However, in 1609 Philip III, influenced by Lerma, decreed their expulsion for both religious and political reasons.

Bibliography

See H. C. Lea, The Moriscos of Spain (1901, repr. 1969).

Moriscos

 

the members of the Muslim population who remained in Spain after the fall of the emirate of Granada in 1492.

Forcibly converted to Christianity, the majority of Moriscos continued to profess Islam in secret. They were harshly persecuted by the Inquisition and were forbidden to use Arabic or to give their children Arabic names; Arabic books were burned. Tens of thousands of Moriscos perished on the pyres of the Inquisition.

The Morisco rebellion of 1568–70 was ruthlessly crushed, and a considerable number of Moriscos were exiled to the barren interior of Spain. In 1609–10 the Moriscos were expelled from Spain. The majority resettled in North Africa; in Morocco they formed the oligarchic republic of Bou Regreg, which existed from 1627 to 1641, while many others settled along the Algerian coast and in northern Tunisia.

The expulsion of the Moriscos had grave economic consequences for Spain’s southern provinces. At the same time it contributed to the rise of horticulture, irrigated cultivation, and craft industries in Tunisia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Parece que los moriscos pobres pudieron sobornar, pero el morisco mas rico de todos no pudo y fue expulsado.
Even though Ricote was dressed up as a German pilgrim so the Spanish royal and religious authorities would not recognize him as a morisco, both Sancho and Ricote recognise one other, hug one other, go to sit on the grass away from the road, and, with "all eyes fixed on heaven" (meaning looking up to sky as they were enjoying their "botas" of wine), started telling each other what had happened to their lives ever since they last met, that is, ever since the morisco Ricote was forced out of Spain:
Su edicion moderna, ademas de ser clara, de estar bien cuidada y de contener notas y comentarios pertinentes, es un trabajo muy erudito, basado en una investigacion amplia y minuciosa, que representa una importante aportacion a los estudios sobre el teatro alarconiano y al campo de la literatura de tema morisco.
Morisco F, Stroffolini T, Granata R, Donnarumma L, Guarino M, Caporaso N.
As part of the clandestine activities of the Moriscos to preserve their culture, they engaged in the production of a corpus of manuscripts containing everything a person would need to know about Islam and the Morisco situation in 16th-century Spain.
Las lanzas se dirigen al pecho del venado, y los dictados se dirigen al corazon del morisco.
Clasificacion de los contrayentes Indio Espanol (blanco) Mulato (espanol y negro) Mestizo (espanol e indio) Castizo (espanol y mestizo) Morisco (espanol y mulato) Lobo (mulato lobo) Coyote (usualmente para denotar un mestizo).
El Inca Garcilaso asiste seguramente sorprendido, ya adulto, a este proceso de nuevo "revestimiento" de las ciudades andaluzas (cambiando su aspecto morisco por otro renacentista), tras haber vivido en su juventud la rapida transformacion de su Cuzco natal por obra de inquietos conquistadores.
The story of Juan's social ascent and integration into the Spanish nobility is counterposed with the fall from prominence of Don Fernando, a nobleman of morisco origins and another suitor to Dofia Ana.
Los moriscos de Espana y los indios de America, Mexico, El Colegio de Jalisco, 2012, 414 p.
2) Georgina Dopico Black ha explorado la relacion entre los personajes Pierre Menard de Borges y el morisco aljamiado de Cervantes desde el lente de la traduccion (32-33).