Moritz Lazarus

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Lazarus, Moritz


Born Sept. 15,1824, in Filehne (present-day Wieleń), Poland; died April 13, 1903, in Merano, Italy. German idealist philosopher. One of the founders of ethnopsy chology. Professor at universities in Bern (1860) and Berlin (1873–96).

Lazarus belonged to J. F. Herbart’s philosophical school. In 1859, he founded, with H. Steinthal, the journal Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft. Following the tradition of the psychological teachings of Herbart, Lazarus viewed the concept of “national spirit” as a derivative from individual psychology. Objective manifestations of national spirit include language, mores, and social institutions. The concept of ethnopsychology was continued from a different standpoint by the German psychologist W. Wundt.


Das Leben der Seele …, 3rd ed., vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1885–1917.
Über die Ideen in der Geschichte, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1872.
Ideale Fragen …. 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1885.
Die Ethik des Judentums, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1898–1911.


Leicht, A. Lazarus als Begründer der Völkerpsychologie.Leipzig, 1904.
Sganzini, C. Die Fortschritte der Völkerpsychologie von Lazarus bis Wundt. Bern, 1913.


References in periodicals archive ?
Klautke's first chapter concerns the creation of academic Volkerpsychologie by Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal.
Chladenius (1710-1759) and ending with Max Weber (1864-1920), Beiser examines well-known figures like Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886) and Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) as weli as some obscure characters like Moritz Lazarus (1824-1903) and Emil Lask (1875-1915).
Here, the relevant linkages are to other thinkers (for example, to Kant, Moritz Lazarus, and Dil-they in the case of Simmel), more than to other formative influences, such as the social context of academic scholarship.