Moritz Lazarus

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lazarus, Moritz


Born Sept. 15,1824, in Filehne (present-day Wieleń), Poland; died April 13, 1903, in Merano, Italy. German idealist philosopher. One of the founders of ethnopsy chology. Professor at universities in Bern (1860) and Berlin (1873–96).

Lazarus belonged to J. F. Herbart’s philosophical school. In 1859, he founded, with H. Steinthal, the journal Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft. Following the tradition of the psychological teachings of Herbart, Lazarus viewed the concept of “national spirit” as a derivative from individual psychology. Objective manifestations of national spirit include language, mores, and social institutions. The concept of ethnopsychology was continued from a different standpoint by the German psychologist W. Wundt.


Das Leben der Seele …, 3rd ed., vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1885–1917.
Über die Ideen in der Geschichte, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1872.
Ideale Fragen …. 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1885.
Die Ethik des Judentums, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1898–1911.


Leicht, A. Lazarus als Begründer der Völkerpsychologie.Leipzig, 1904.
Sganzini, C. Die Fortschritte der Völkerpsychologie von Lazarus bis Wundt. Bern, 1913.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sampling the thought of the tradition's main adherents he covers language as an event: Heymann Steinthal, the origin of language from almost nothing: Lazarus Geiger, the spirit of language: Moritz Lazarus, the peace of humor: Hermann Cohen, on tact as a form of sociability, at the limits of the critique of language: Fritz Mathner, and from the critique of language to a critique of culture: Ernst Cassirer.
Klautke's first chapter concerns the creation of academic Volkerpsychologie by Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal.
Here, the relevant linkages are to other thinkers (for example, to Kant, Moritz Lazarus, and Dil-they in the case of Simmel), more than to other formative influences, such as the social context of academic scholarship.