Moroni, Giovanni Battista

Moroni, Giovanni Battista

(jōvän`nē bät-tē`stä mōrô`nē), c.1524–1578, Italian portrait painter of the Brescian school; pupil of Il MorettoMoretto, Il
, c.1498–1554, Italian painter, whose real name was Alessandro Bonvicino. He was a leading representative of the Brescian school. While following the art of the Venetian masters, he developed a rather saccharine style.
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. Surpassing his teacher in the ability to capture the expression of the model, Moroni excelled in portraying with tasteful intimacy the aristocratic men and women of his day. He depicted them realistically but with a Venetian flair for style. He was also the first to paint the period's full-length portraits of a standing man and another of a standing woman. There are notable examples of his art in the National Gallery, London; the Metropolitan Museum; the Philadelphia Museum; and the Uffizi.

Bibliography

See museum catalogs by A. Braham (1978), P. Humfrey, ed. (2000), and A. Ng et al. (2019).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Moroni, Giovanni Battista

 

Born circa 1525 in Albino, Lombardy; died Feb. 5, 1578, in Bergamo, Lombardy. Italian painter of the Brescian school.

Moroni was influenced by his teacher, A. Moretto, as well as by L. Lotto and Titian. Primarily a portrait painter, he was one of the first European masters of portraiture. His portraits, which were often life-size and painted with a restrained palette, are marked by incisive characterization, an unforced choice of attitude, and an absence of idealization (The Tailor, 1560’s, National Gallery, London).

REFERENCES

Smirnova, I. A. Titsian i venetsianskii portret 16 veka. Moscow, 1964. Pages 131–34.
Cugini, D. Moroni pittore. Bergamo, 1939.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.