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(mōr`ōz) [Span.,=Moors], group of Muslim natives, numbering about 3.8 million, of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, and Palawan in the Philippines and of Borneo, who were converted in the great missionary extension of Islam from India in the 15th and 16th cent. They are largely of Malayan stock and are neither ethnic nor linguistic units. The Moros are conspicuous as a fierce, proud people, and they long maintained enmity toward the Christian Filipinos.

After the Spanish conquered (1564) the Philippines, the Moros waged constant war, which continued even after the United States took over (1898) the islands. Within the Republic of the Philippines they have pressed for autonomy since the 1960s, but in most regions where the Moros live they are now outnumbered by Christians, who strongly oppose the idea of a Muslim-led government. The associated fighting by Moro guerrillas has persisted into the 21st cent., despite a number of peace agreements with various groups. In 1990 an autonomous, four-province region was created in the S Philippines; as expanded in 2001 it consists of Tawi-Tawi, Sulu, and Basilan provinces (the Sulu Archipelago, not including Isabela city) and two provinces and the city of Marawi on Mindanao. An agreement in 2014 with the largest Moro guerrilla group called for superseding the autonomous region by 2016 with a new one, to be called Bangsamoro, with somewhat enlarged territory and increased autonomy. Legislation establishing the region was not passed, however, until 2018, and following a 2019 referendum it came into existence. The new region also includes Cotabato City and some areas of Cotabato prov. In May, 2017, a failed government raid to seize a fundamentalist Islamic militant leader in Marawi led to five months of devastating fighting in Marawi between the military and hundreds of militants.


See M. Mednick, Encampment of the Lake (1965); A. C. Glang, Muslim Secession or Integration? (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
During the meeting in Maguindanao, Duterte noted that the discussions must be geared towards correcting the social injustice suffered by the Moro people and then crafting something that would preserve the Republic.
Such binaries are reflected in various media including film, which not only reinforced the negative perceptions but also provided sources for the social construction of Moros by non-Muslim Filipinos.
Maduro se recueille a la memoire des martyrs de la guerre de Liberation Le president de la Republique bolivarienne du Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro Moros, s'est recueilli, hier, au sanctuaire des martyrs (Alger), a la memoire des martyrs de la guerre de Liberation nationale.
That said, Hawkins's Moros are written as people with agency, and not as an undifferentiated mob of troublemakers.
La Fiesta de Moros y Cristianos constituye una de las celebraciones mas genuinas dentro del gran numero de celebraciones festivas de gran arraigo y tradicion en toda Espana.
ls moros de Favanella e de Crevillen, de la Vall e de Elch e de Alacant, que reguen per tanda, que aquell moro que haura la tanda que pusca regar de nit, no exint de la terra que rech e que.
Il est evident que les raisons fondamentales du recrutement des marocains etaient surtout d'ordre economique comme le signale l'historienne espagnole Madariaga dans la page 168 de son ouvrage [beaucoup moins que]Les moros que Franco a emmenes[beaucoup plus grand que]: [beaucoup moins que]les indigenes (de 16 a 50 ans) viennent en Espagne sans enthousiasme bien qu'ils leur eurent dit qu'ils allaient tuer des juifs et qu'ils leur restitueront la mosquee de Cordoue apres la reconnaissance de l'independance du Maroc[beaucoup plus grand que].
Desde el punto de vista legal, la incorporacion de los estatutos de limpieza de sangre en el derecho indiano se evidencio en la prohibicion de embarcarse hacia el nuevo continente a los descendientes de judios o moros, al igual que su aplicacion en las diferentes reglamentaciones de las principales instituciones en las provincias hispanoamericanas.
With the suggestive parallelisms between the historical reference moros y cristianos and Dona Perfecta it may be argued that Galdos implemented folklore as part of a regenerative discourse.
Los musulmanes creian en Ala, dios unico tambien y ambos, cristianos y moros, luchaban casi en una cruzada para defender sus territorios.
En el imaginario popular del medio rural asturiano los moros o mouros son una categoria referencial de seres paganos (desde la optica cristiana) con cierta variabilidad de matices.
Pollensa was built a few miles inland to avoid pirate attacks, the most famous of which, the Fiesta de los Moros y Cristianos, the battle between the Moors and Christians, is re-enacted every year on August 2 with parades, concerts and general merrymaking leading up to a battle when streets heave with mock guns, swords and cutlasses.