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(mōr`ōz) [Span.,=Moors], group of Muslim natives, numbering about 3.8 million, of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, and Palawan in the Philippines and of Borneo, who were converted in the great missionary extension of Islam from India in the 15th and 16th cent. They are largely of Malayan stock and are neither ethnic nor linguistic units. The Moros are conspicuous as a fierce, proud people, and they long maintained enmity toward the Christian Filipinos.

After the Spanish conquered (1564) the Philippines, the Moros waged constant war, which continued even after the United States took over (1898) the islands. Within the Republic of the Philippines they have pressed for autonomy since the 1960s, but in most regions where the Moros live they are now outnumbered by Christians, who strongly oppose the idea of a Muslim-led government. The associated fighting by Moro guerrillas has persisted into the 21st cent., despite a number of peace agreements with various groups. In 1990 an autonomous, four-province region was created in the S Philippines; as expanded in 2001 it consists of Tawi-Tawi, Sulu, and Basilan provinces (the Sulu Archipelago, not including Isabela city) and two provinces and the city of Marawi on Mindanao. An agreement in 2014 with the largest Moro guerrilla group called for superseding the autonomous region by 2016 with a new one, to be called Bangsamoro, with somewhat enlarged territory and increased autonomy. Legislation establishing the region was not passed, however, until 2018, and following a 2019 referendum it came into existence. The new region also includes Cotabato City and some areas of Cotabato prov. In May, 2017, a failed government raid to seize a fundamentalist Islamic militant leader in Marawi led to five months of devastating fighting in Marawi between the military and hundreds of militants.


See M. Mednick, Encampment of the Lake (1965); A. C. Glang, Muslim Secession or Integration? (1969).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Este dijo, segun le parecia, que en el ano 1521, estando retraido en su casa sin atreverse a salir por miedo a que lo matasen, <<veia pasar los moros del condado de veinte en veinte y de cincuenta en cincuenta, que los traian a babtizar a la iglesia los de la iglesia, los cuales mostraban que no iban de buen grado sino forcados ...
Con base en lo anterior, se considero pertinente evaluar en el presente trabajo la composicion de las pesquerias de cangrejos moros en el oriente de Venezuela y las tendencias en las pesquerias de estas especies, como complemento a los estudios sobre las especies capturadas incidentalmente por la flota arrastrera industrial camaronera.
A prominent boat which is a common sight in southern Mindanao is the guinakit, used by Moro royalty in navigating the coastal and inland waterways.
Meanwhile, also in his speech, Duterte advised the Moros of Mindanao to exploit their riches so the next generation can benefit from it.
He also reiterated that he would be open to reaching out to Nur Misuari, founding chairman of Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), and establish a similar pact for the continuity of peace in Mindanao.
He saw Moro tribes in Zamboanga and Basilan, the Japanese abaca farmers in Davao, American logging concessionaires and sawmill owners in Lanao and the cattle ranches and pineapple planters in Bukidnon.
"We all know that the Moros are really divisive, very politicized, and inshallah, the BOL will be able to remove that and come up with the common regional jurisdiction to be able to work as one," expressed Lidasan.
The "Moros" are indigenous peoples in the southern Philippine islands who embraced Islam about 100 years before the first Christian missionaries reached the archipelago of "about" 7,641 islands.