Morris Hillquit

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Hillquit, Morris


(real surname Hilkowitz). Born Aug. 1, 1869, in Riga; died Oct. 7, 1933. Activist in the Socialist Party (SP) of the USA. Reformist.

Hillquit emigrated to America in 1886 and joined the Socialist Labor Party of the USA in 1888; after the party’s split in 1899, Hillquit helped organize the Socialist Party (SP) of the USA in 1901 and headed its right-centrist wing. At the beginning of World War I, Hillquit was a pacifist. At the SP congress of April 1917 he expressed his solidarity with the left wing’s resolution opposing American participation in the war; in practice, however, he shunned the struggle to implement that resolution. In 1928, on Hillquit’s recommendation, the clause on recognition of the class struggle as a precondition for party membership was deleted from the SP bylaws. Hillquit became chairman of the SP in 1929.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gil Ribak takes a fresh look at the historic New York City mayoral campaign of Socialist Morris Hillquit. Ribak argues that Hillquit's appeal, especially to immigrant Jews, came more from his anti-war platform than his Socialism.
Writing of the late 1880s and early 1890s UHT unions, labor leader Morris Hillquit reflected on the transience of unions for occupations such as musicians, retail store clerks, bookbinders, and soda-water makers: "In practically all cases the unions were short-lived.
159, 145; Morris Hillquit, Loose Leaves from a Busy Life (New York: Macmillan, 1934), p.
Charged under the Espionage Act with conspiracy to cause mutiny and refusal of service to the military during the war, the group was defended by William Kunstler's illustrious forebears Morris Hillquit and Dudley Field Malone.
Ralph Miliband, formerly Morris Hillquit Professor in the Department of Sociology at Brandeis and, later, Visiting Professor of Political Science at the CUNY Graduate Center in New York City, died in London on May 28.
A party in 1912, the year of its best showing in a national presidential contest, that was divided between a right-wing of evolutionary inevitabilists committed to the electoral tactics of Victor Berger and Morris Hillquit, and a left-wing of evolutionary inevitabilists committed to direct action.
Debs with the reformist section of the Socialist Labor Party under Morris Hillquit.
The SP mayoral candidate, Morris Hillquit, garnered 145,332 votes, an almost five-fold increase in the vote compared to the previous Socialist candidate for mayor.
As Nussbaum, Lipsky, Epstein, many of their contemporaries, and other sources noted, most of the support for Morris Hillquit and other socialist candidates had much less to do with socialism than with those candidates' explicit anti-war stance.
leaders like Victor Berger and Morris Hillquit were compromising the revolutionary character of the socialist message to curry favor with the leaders of the American Federation of Labor A.F.L.): "I shall fight Berger and Hillquit either inside or outside of the party just the same as I would fight [A.F.L.
Socialism's appeal is illustrated by the New York City mayoral campaign of Jewish Socialist Morris Hillquit, who garnered an impressive zz% of the vote in 1917, the same year a referendum passed giving women the right to vote in New York State.
Louis, where Morris Hillquit (1869-1933) presented the St.