Morton, William

Morton, William (Thomas Green)

(1819–68) dentist, anesthetist; born in Charlton, Mass. He studied dentistry in Baltimore and practiced in Connecticut before setting up a dental practice in Boston in 1842, in partnership with Horace Wells. Wells had been experimenting with nitrous oxide ("laughing gas") as an anesthesia while removing teeth. But in 1844, at the suggestion of his landlord, Professor Charles T. Jackson, Morton first used sulfuric ether to anesthetize a patient before drilling a tooth. After experiments on himself, a goldfish, and his dog, he used it during a tooth extraction (September 1846). The subsequent newspaper report caught the attention of a Massachusetts General Hospital surgeon, Dr. John Warren, who sponsored several surgical demonstrations with Morton as anesthetist. At first he tried to keep secret the nature of his anesthesia, calling it "letheon," but to receive a patent he was forced to describe it in a medical journal. Morton soon found himself in conflict with not only Wells and Jackson but also Crawford W. Long of Georgia over the issue of priority, and he would spend the rest of his life trying to establish himself as the discoverer of ether and in trying to profit from its use. He died a poor man but he came to be recognized as the first to introduce ether into general use as an anesthesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
There were 22 bronze medals: Alexander Vega-Flores, Alexandru istrate, Amie Ludgate, Charlotte Gledhill, evie Lynch, Hannah Boyd, Jack Lynch, James Kahrman, Joshua Atkins, Lauren shakell and Lynden Holtom-stott, Ben stewart, ella-Mae Fereday, Lucas Morton, William Luke and Casey White.
CRUSADERS YOUTH: Geoff McGinty, Eamon McCart, Matthew Walker, Ben Morton, William Dunwoody, Carter Mackle, Francis Rice, Ryan Bickerstaff, Sam Knox, Cameron Macauley, Gavin Whyte.
With this volume on composer Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, William Russell has added unedited and lightly edited interviews to the resources, thus enlarging the scrapbook format.
The history was based on earlier documents by Thomas Morton, William Bradford, and John Winthrop, but also included material obtained by Hubbard's own research.
Record winners David McDonald, Robert Morton, William Wood, David Craig and programme competition winner Paul Johnston took the field when the big match hit half-time.
YMCA: Bentley, Bailey (Tindall), Morton, Williams, Hodge, Swift, Smith (Bell), Wrafter, Murphy, Dyke (Ste), Dyke (Stu), Housley, Whitehead, Walker, Hill (Leonne-Mazza).
Morton, Williams and Stanford colleagues knew from earlier studies by others that gastric bypass lowered many risk factors for heart disease but no large-scale studies had investigated the effects of the surgery on all three newer heart-disease markers -- C-reactive protein, lipoprotein A and homocysteine, Williams said.
YMCA: Bahadori, Alexis-Bailey, Morton, Williams, Bentley; Swift, Smith; Dyke (Ste), Murphy, Wrafter, Housley, Dyke (Stu), Hill, Whitehead, Walker.
YMCA: Beever, Morton, Williams, Ryder, Shaw; Smith, Wilson; Sanderson, Dyke (Ste), Dyke (Stu), Neilly, Housley, Hill, Hodge, Pollock.
YMCA - Clarke, Ryder, Morton, Williams, Shaw, Swift, Smith, Sanderson, Dyke (Ste), Dyke (Stu), Housley, Sibbons, Hodge, Sharrock, Pollock.
YMCA: Beever; Smith, Morton, Williams, Ryder; Swift, Wilson; Dyke (Ste), Dyke (Stu) Sanderson, Housley, Neilly, Hodge, Sharrock, Walker.